Prevalence of refractory hypertension in the United States from 1999 to 2014

Conclusions: We provided the first nationally representative estimate of refractory hypertension prevalence in US adults.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundFunctional limitations may be more common in middle-aged adults than previously recognized. However, there are few published data on the prevalence of activity limitations, and their association with multimorbidity, among adults 50 to 64  years old.ObjectiveTo describe the prevalence of activity limitations and the association with multimorbidity in middle-aged adults.DesignCross-sectional analysis of US population-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011 –2016.ParticipantsThe total number of community-dwelling NHANES participants aged 50 –64 years old is ...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study shows that free vitamin D serum concentrations are independently associated with major cardiovascular events in chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis.Kidney Blood Press Res
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively correlated with increased risk of hypertension in Chinese population, and exact mechanisms of this association should be explored in future. Introduction Periodontal disease is a complex polymicrobial inflammation, including gingivitis and periodontitis. According to the 2015 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, the prevalence of severe chronic periodontitis in 2015 has reached 616 million (Kassebaum et al., 2017). In China, the periodontal disease standardized DALYs rate has risen from 24.7 in 1990 to 25.7 in 2013 according to the data from 2013 GBD ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Activation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant system plays an important role in cell defense against oxidative stress damage, whereas the insufficiency of the Nrf2 system is associated with multiple aspects of the genesis and progression of metabolic diseases, posing a great risk to the cardiovascular system (Figure 1). The systemic increase of Nrf2 activity by several activators may be beneficial in the treatment of metabolic diseases. In addition, selective upregulation of Nrf2 genes may represent a potential therapy in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Looking to the future, experimental research that el...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Increased IASBPD is an independent predictor of incident CKD in the general population.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Kidney Source Type: research
Conclusion: Most patients randomized to self-management completed training; however, 36% of these had dropped out by 12 months. Self-monitoring was largely undertaken properly and accurately recorded. Fidelity with self-management was associated with lower achieved SBP. Successful implementation of self-management into daily practice requires careful training and should be accompanied by monitoring of fidelity.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research
AbstractThe 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guidelines diagnose hypertension if systolic blood pressure (SBP) is  ≥ 130 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is ≥ 80 mmHg. Increased BP is SBP 120–129 mmHg with DBP 
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions—Knowing the patient characteristics predictive of missed opportunities for stroke prevention may help primary care identify and appropriately manage these patients. Improving the management of these groups may reduce their risk and potentially prevent large number of future strokes and TIAs in the population.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Original Contributions Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2018 Source:Journal of the Chinese Medical Association Author(s): Chern-En Chiang, Shih-Yi Lin, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Tzung-Dau Wang, Hung-I Yeh, Jung-Fu Chen, Chia-Ti Tsai, Yi-Jen Hung, Yi-Heng Li, Ping-Yen Liu, Kuan-Cheng Chang, Kang-Ling Wang, Ting-Hsing Chao, Kou-Gi Shyu, Wei-Shiung Yang, Kwo-Chang Ueng, Pao-Hsien Chu, Wei-Hsian Yin, Yen-Wen Wu, Hao-Min Cheng, Shyi-Jang Shin, Chien-Ning Huang, Lee-Ming Chuang, Shing-Jong Lin, San-Jou Yeh, Wayne Huey-Herng Sheu, Jiunn-Lee Lin The global incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes have been escalating in recent decades. Patients...
Source: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study suggested that incident CHD was positively associated with plasma levels of titanium and arsenic, and inversely associated with selenium. Additional research is needed to confirm these findings in other populations. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1521 Received: 22 December 2016 Revised: 17 September 2017 Accepted: 19 September 2017 Published: 19 October 2017 Address correspondence to T. Wu, or A. Pan, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hongkong Rd., Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China. Telephone: +86-27-83692347. Email: wut@mails.tjmu.edu.cn or p...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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