Colour Doppler ultrasound after major cardiac surgery improves diagnostic accuracy of the pulmonary infection score in acute respiratory failure: A prospective observational study

CONCLUSION Compared with sCPIS, LUS-sCPIS improved diagnostic accuracy in the detection of postoperative pneumonia in patients with acute respiratory failure after cardiac surgery. It could be a useful bedside tool to guide pneumonia management. TRIAL REGISTRATION identifier: NCT03279887.
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Diagnostic and prediction Source Type: research

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ConclusionsBronchodilator dose responsiveness may be useful for phenotyping and may be of utility in practice and future studies focused on asthma outcomes or quantification of treatment responses. In children and adolescents, this phenotype of poor bronchodilator responsiveness may be associated with periods of relatively stable disease yet marked airway constriction in response to triggers, including tobacco smoke, respiratory infections/pneumonia, and aeroallergens.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the risk factor for mortality owing to VAP. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective clinical audit study screened medical records between the period of January 2014 and December 2017. All patients under mechanical ventilation MV) for ≥72 hours were screened against previously reported diagnostic criteria for VAP. The medical records were obtained for cases of documented diagnosis of VAP. RESULTS In all, 145 patients (5.0%) diagnosed with VAP were included in the study; the morbidity of VAP was 19.5 episodes per 1000 days of MV. The 30-day mortality rate was 42.8%. Univariate logistic analysis ...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
A blood test can identify a subgroup of pneumonia patients at increased risk for developing acute respiratory failure or sepsis, according to new research.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news
We reported a case of bronchopulmonary lophomoniasis in a Malaysian female with systemic lupus erythromatosus. She presented with productive cough, shortness of breath and high-grade fever for 2 weeks. Physical examination revealed bronchial sound and crackles over the left lung with, reduced expansion and dull percussion in lower left lobe. Chest radiography showed consolidation of the left lung. Routine laboratory tests revealed general low cell count. Blood and sputum culture were negative. Bronchoalveolar lavage stain and culture for bacterial and fungal were negative. Bronchoalveolar lavage for Lophomonas blattarum wa...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 137Author(s): Seok Hyeon Na, Man Hwan Oh, Hyejin Jeon, Yun-Ki Lee, Byungheon Lee, Minsang Shin, Je Chul LeeAbstractBioluminescence imaging is a non-invasive tool for in vivo real-time monitoring of infectious disease progression in animal models. However, no bioluminescence imaging assay has been developed to monitor Acinetobacter baumannii infections. In the current study, bioluminescent strains of A. baumannii ATCC 17978 and its isogenic ΔompA mutant were constructed by integrating the promoter of the ompA gene and the luxCDABE luciferase gene in...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) can cause invasive diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia, or sepsis. Typeable Hi includes six serotypes (a through f), each expressing a unique capsular polysaccharide. The capsule, e...
Source: BMC Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
This report describes a case of septicaemia triggered by SI. The patient was a 40 year-old woman, who was diagnosed with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). She was hospitalized in a medical long-term care sanatorium and was recently transferred from a familiar sanatorium. She started to bite herself on the mandibular labial alveolar mucosa; this had never been observed. As the self-biting wound gradually increased and the resultant inflammation spread to surrounding tissues, she was referred to our hospital. During the course of treatment, she suffered from septicaemia secondary to aspiration pneumonia. When a case of SI...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery may be a feasible and safe technique for staging early-stage ovarian/tubal cancer. This approach has some advantages included providing easier access to the upper abdominal regions when performing high-level infrarenal para-aortic lymphadenectomy; the 2-cm elastic incision favors fast specimen extraction and colpotomy are avoided. However, the long-term oncologic outcomes need to be further investigated. PMID: 31595144 [PubMed - in process]
Source: JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons - Category: Surgery Tags: JSLS Source Type: research
Increasing number of hospitalized children with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is co-detected with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp). The clinical characteristics and impact of Mp co-detected with other bacterial an...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Volume 74, Issue 4, SupplementAuthor(s): M.L. Oliveira, G.L. Marina, B.D. Frediani, B. Hermes, A.J. Cesar, R.S. Correa, B.R. Antonio, M.J. Flavio, S.H. Possolo
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
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