Hepatitis C in Chronic Kidney Disease – An Overview of the KDIGO Guideline

Hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection is a global health problem with significant health and economic burden, which can lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and affect multiple organ systems. In addition, prevalence of hepatitis C remains higher in patients with CKD, including those on chronic hemodialysis and in individuals with a kidney transplant than in the general population. There has been a dramatic shift in the management of hepatitis C since Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO) published its 2008 guideline for the prevention, diagnosis and management of hepatitis C in CKD.
Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research

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Abstract The total number of end-stage kidney disease patients treated with dialysis in 2019 in Kuwait was 2230, with a 6% increase from the year before. Dialysis prevalence was 465 per million population (PMP) and dialysis incidence was100 PMP. Kuwaiti nationals represented 70% of the dialysis population and males represented 52%. Of the same population, 59% had diabetes. Hepatitis C virus affected
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Authors: Timofte D, Dragos D, Balcangiu-Stroescu AE, Tanasescu MD, Gabriela Balan D, Avino A, Tulin A, Stiru O, Ionescu D Abstract Increase in the number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) calls for improved management of these patients. In stage 5 CKD, when the initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) becomes necessary, there is an increase in the infection risk of the patients and immunological tests for hepatitis C virus (HCV) detection turn positive at an alarmingly higher rate compared to general population. With the introduction into clinical practice of diagnostic tests, the increased prevale...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Abstract Infectious diseases remain a major health challenge in developing countries, compounding the woes of growing noncommunicable diseases such as chronic kidney disease (CKD). Increased morbidity and mortality have been reported among CKD patients with hepatitis infection and may necessitate protocol for treatment, follow-up, and prevention of spread. We aimed to determine the prevalence of viral hepatitis B and C infections among CKD patients and the effects on their liver enzymes. In this retrospective study, 314 CKD patients screened for hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study showed excellent efficacy with the safety profile of this drug combination in end-stage renal disease patients. However, larger prospective studies and multicenter randomized controlled trials are needed for further confirmation.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study showed excellent efficacy with the safety profile of this drug combination in End Stage Renal Disease patients. However, larger prospective studies and multicenter randomized controlled trials are needed for further confirmation.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionTreatment of HCV among stage 2, 3a, and 3b patients was achieved safely with a sofosbuvir-based regimen. We recommend that stage-4 patients wait until starting hemodialysis or transplantation.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global health problem with significant health and economic burden, which can lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and affect multiple organ systems. In addition, prevalence of hepatitis C remains higher in patients with CKD, including those on chronic hemodialysis and in individuals with a kidney transplant than in the general population. There has been a dramatic shift in the management of hepatitis C since Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO) published its 2008 guideline for the prevention, diagnosis and management of hepatitis C in CKD.
Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The absolute number of patients and rates of incidence and prevalence on dialysis continued to increase; the mortality rate tended to rise. There were obvious regional and state discrepancies in these rates. PMID: 30968930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Kidney transplantation is the best treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) because of a significant survival benefit conferred compared to patients who remain on haemodialysis.1 Although the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with ESRD has significantly declined over time, it remains at least 4-times higher than in the general population.2,3 Chronic HCV or HBV infection can result in chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma4 –6 and increase the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 1Author(s): Vivek Soi, Chantale Daifi, Jerry Yee, Elizabeth AdamsAn in-depth understanding of viral hepatitis is important to the care of patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis. Both hepatitis B and C viruses are acquired through hematogenous spread and can lead to horizontal transmission. Concurrent hepatic and renal injuries have ominous outcomes with significant morbidity. Hepatitis B incidence has decreased through practices including vaccination of nonimmune individuals and isolation of patients with the d...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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