Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Regarding Tick-borne Disease Prevention in Endemic Areas

Publication date: Available online 29 July 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Sara Niesobecki, AmberJean Hansen, Heather Rutz, Shaylee Mehta, Katherine Feldman, James Meek, Linda Niccolai, Sarah Hook, Alison HinckleyAbstractAs part of a TickNET collaboration we evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to tick-borne disease (TBD) prevention among persons living in endemic areas of Connecticut (CT) and Maryland (MD). Up-to-date information on the use of various prevention methods, as well as attitudes toward available and potential prevention options, is critical for effective promotion of recommended behaviors.During 2016-2017, printed invitations were mailed via the post office to 27,029 households requesting participation in an online survey regarding knowledge of TBD, risk perceptions, and prevention behaviors. Prevention behaviors included tick checks, showering/bathing, insect repellents, pet tick control, and chemical or natural pesticide use on residential properties. Associations of sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge and attitude variables with prevention behaviors were assessed in unadjusted analyses and multivariable models to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR). Participants were also asked if they would be willing to get a Lyme disease (LD) vaccine, if one becomes available.Overall, 1883 (7%) persons completed the survey. Participants reported using preventive behaviors most of the time or always as follows: pet tick c...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research

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IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5105: Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Tick-Borne Diseases in North-Central Wisconsin from 2000–2016 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17145105 Authors: Austin Rau Claudia Munoz-Zanzi Anna M. Schotthoefer Jonathan D. Oliver Jesse D. Berman Lyme disease is a well-recognized public health problem in the USA, however, other tick-borne diseases also have major public health impacts. Yet, limited research has evaluated changes in the spatial and temporal patterns of non-Lyme tick-borne diseases within endemic regions. Using laboratory dat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Lyme disease (LD) is an increasing public health problem. Current laboratory testing is insensitive in early infection, the stage at which appropriate treatment is most effective in preventing disease sequelae. The Lyme Disease Biobank (LDB) collects samples from individuals with symptoms consistent with early LD presenting with or without erythema migrans (EM) or an annular, expanding skin lesion and uninfected individuals from areas of endemicity. Samples were collected from 550 participants (298 cases and 252 controls) according to institutional review board-approved protocols and shipped to a centralized biorepository....
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Immunoassays Source Type: research
The laboratory diagnosis of Lyme disease relies upon serologic testing. A standard or modified two-tiered testing algorithm is used to enhance the accuracy of antibody detection. However, this approach suffers from a lack of sensitivity in early Lyme disease. Ongoing efforts to develop more sensitive antibody detection technologies and other diagnostic approaches are dependent upon the availability of quality-assured biospecimens linked to reliable clinical data. In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Horn et al. (E. J. Horn, G. Dempsey, A. M. Schotthoefer, U. L. Prisco, et al., J Clin Microbiol 58:e00032-2...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Immunoassays Source Type: research
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Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Poster Number: EI-12 Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review describes mosquito- and tick-borne diseases found in the Western Hemisphere. It focuses on emerging diseases and recent geographic shifts in the presence of disease vectors.Recent FindingsMosquito and tick vectors have become more widespread as environmental conditions have become more favorable. Zika recently has emerged as a concern for fetal anomalies. West Nile Virus has become widespread. Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases are more prevalent in areas previously inhospitable to these ticks.SummaryHealthcare providers must consider the possibility of mosquito- and tick-borne ...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
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