Veterans suffering from PTSD flashbacks may share 8 genetic variants, scientists discover

Researchers at two US VAs, Yale University and UC San Diego found that many veterans share eight genetic variants linked to higher risks for PTSD and flashbacks in a study over 165,000 soldiers.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: Based on these encouraging preliminary findings, the authors recommend that behavioral health providers who are preparing to deploy become familiar with ART or related interventions in order to develop the confidence and the skills that are needed to provide timely and effective trauma-focused care for deployed soldiers. PMID: 31735965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Veterans with PTSD whose validity testing scores are indicative of poor effort and symptom exaggeration may be less resilient but may still complete a CPT group treatment and benefit from treatment at a rate comparable to Veterans who evidence good assessment effort and genuine symptom reporting pre-treatment. These findings also challenge the assumption that pre-treatment assessment effort failure and symptom exaggeration accurately predict poor effort in trauma-focused psychotherapy. PMID: 31735961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our analysis found that patients had excellent outcomes across multiple PROM metrics. Future work can build on these results with large patient populations over longer follow-up intervals. Nevertheless, these results provide the foundation and evidence to support the continued use of this innovative technology for total knee arthroplasties. PMID: 31732961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
The article describes the journey of a terror-stricken student growing into an adept healthcare provider; representing courageous personal and professional growth after a "Hello" in a nursing school immersion experience. The journey includes the student's ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
There is an alarming paucity of new clinical studies for novel treatments for fear-based disorders and in particular posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the last 2 decades there has been a paradigm shift in exploring pharmacotherapeutics that are not simply static anxiolytics to be taken daily for symptom alleviation but that might instead act at key mechanisms of recovery like fear extinction. Such compounds may enhance natural extinction or be used specifically as adjunctive treatments for extinction-based therapies (e.g., exposure therapy).
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Information of the modulation effect of the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after earthquakes is scarce and contradictory. A cross-sectional face-to-face interview survey of a represe...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news
In 2018, 81% of the 36, 529 solid organs transplanted in the United States came from deceased donors. These organs were recovered through widespread use of aeromedical and emergency ground transportation systems. Urgently scheduled travel to remote hospita...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: There are about 2.5 million emergency room  visits for traumatic brain injury (TBI) every year and 75%-95% of all TBI patients have mild TBI. Previous studies have suggested that a large proportion of mild TBI patients can be treated in a non...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
The motivation to feel moral powerfully guides people's prosocial behavior. We propose that people's efforts to preserve their moral self-regard conform to a moral threshold model. This model predicts that people are primarily concerned with whether...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) reduces anger and aggression and if changes in PTSD symptoms are associated with changes in anger and aggression. METHOD: Active duty service members (n  = 374) seeking ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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