Mycotoxins in food and feed.

Mycotoxins in food and feed. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2019;89:297-345 Authors: Pleadin J, Frece J, Markov K Abstract Mycotoxins represent secondary fungal metabolites not essential to the normal growth and reproduction of a fungus, but capable of causing biochemical, physiological and pathological changes in many species. Harmful effects of mycotoxins observed in humans and animals include carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, immune toxicity, neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, indigestion and so forth. These substances can be found in a variety of very important agricultural and food products, primarily dependent of product moisture content, and its water activity, relative air humidity, temperature, pH value, composition of the food matrix, the degree of its physical damage, and the presence of mold spores. Given that industrial processing has no significant effect on their reduction and in order to be able to vouch for the absence of mycotoxins, it is necessary to process foodstuffs under standardized and well-controlled conditions and to control each and every loop of the food production and storage chain. Preventative measures capable of reducing the contamination to the minimum must be in place and should be exercised by all means. In case that contamination does happen, methods for mycotoxin reduction or elimination should be implemented in dependence on a number of parameters such as properties of food or...
Source: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Adv Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

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Abstract The fruit of Crataegus dahurica Koehne was used to treat the disease of infantile indigestion and dyspepsia as an ethnic medicine and food. As a continuous work on finding the active constituents from the edible herbs, four new biphenyls derivatives ( 1-4 ), together with two known compounds ( 5-6 ), were obtained from the petroleum ether fraction of the fruits of C. dahurica . Their structures were determined by the extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectra and HR MS spectrometry.  Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory activities of all the isolated compounds were investigated, in which compound 4 showed moderat...
Source: Chemistry and Biodiversity - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Chem Biodivers Source Type: research
Apigenin-7-O-β-d-(6″-p-coumaroyl)-glucopyranoside reduces myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury in an experimental model via regulating the inflammation response. Pharm Biol. 2020 Dec;58(1):80-88 Authors: Quan W, Ma S, Zhu Y, Shao Q, Hou J, Li X Abstract Context: Traditionally, Clematis tangutica Korsh. (Ranunculaceae) is used as a Tibetan herb for treating indigestion and blood stasis in China. Recently, a flavonoid glycoside, apigenin-7-O-β-d-(6″-p-coumaroyl)-glucopyranoside (APG), was isolated from the whole plant of C. tangutica.Objective: To investigate the cardioprotective...
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research
Non‑toxic sulfur enhances growth hormone signaling through the JAK2/STAT5b/IGF‑1 pathway in C2C12 cells. Int J Mol Med. 2019 Dec 31;: Authors: Kang DY, Sp N, Jo ES, Kim HD, Kim IH, Bae SW, Jang KJ, Yang YM Abstract Insulin‑like growth factor‑1 (IGF‑1) regulates cell growth, glucose uptake and protein metabolism, and is required for growth hormone (GH) signaling‑mediated insulin production and secretion. IGF1 expression is associated with STAT5, which binds to a region (TTCNNNGAA) of the gene. Although sulfur is used in various fields, the toxicity of this element is a significant disadvant...
Source: International Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Int J Mol Med Source Type: research
(Natural News) Functional dyspepsia (DP) is a term used to refer to symptoms which affect the gastrointestinal tract. Although these symptoms are fairly common and are also associated with other diseases, they fall under FD when they have no apparent cause. According to studies, about 15 to 30 percent of the world’s population is affected by this...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 -- Heartburn. Millions of people suffer from it. But what exactly is it and, most important, could it actually be something serious? Heartburn got its name from the burning sensation you get when acid that rises up from the...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
PMID: 31804911 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Circulation Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research
(Natural News) According to the website Healthline.com, upwards of 30 percent of all Americans suffer from Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), a chronic condition which causes heartburn or indigestion several times a week. In addition, millions more people struggle with heartburn on a regular basis, even if they haven’t been officially diagnosed with GERD. Doctors are...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This article provides a systematic review of the traditional uses, chemistry, biological activities, and toxicology of RYR to highlight its future prospects in the field of medicine. The literature reviewed for this article was obtained from the Web of Science, Elsevier, SciFinder, PubMed, CNKI, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar, as well as Ph.D. and M.Sc. dissertations, published prior to July 2019. More than 101 chemical constituents have been isolated from RYR, mainly consisting of monacolins, pigments, organic acids, sterols, decalin derivatives, flavonoids, polysaccharides, and other compounds. Crude extracts of RYR, ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Mothers used mint-lemon, fennel, linden, chamomile, apricot leaf, and anise teas, ginger, lemon balm, cumin water, rosemary, rosehip, and sage to treat children's symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection, gastrointestinal system disorders, and sleep problems. Very few of the mothers used herbal supplements with the advice of doctors. PMID: 31780029 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
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