Changing epidemiology of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases in immigrants: A systematic review of population-based studies.
CONCLUSION: Based on our systematic review, the epidemiology of IMIDs among immigrants varies according to native and host countries, immigrant generation, and IMID type. The rapid evolution suggests a role for non-genetic factors and gene-environment interactions. Future studies should focus on these pattern shifts, given implications of rising global burden of IMIDs and immigration. PMID: 31351784 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: We present a case of Graves' disease with active, moderate-to-severe Graves' ophthalmopathy in a patient with pre-existing AFTN presenting with a coexisting, rare case of Marine-Lenhart syndrome associated with immune reconstitution after alemtuzumab treatment. PMID: 32500462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Kleinaki Z, Kapnisi S, Theodorelou-Charitou SA, Nikas IP, Paschou SA Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic multisystem disease. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of its significant microvascular complications, associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this article is to review the literature regarding the latest advances in the management of type 2 DM (T2DM) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We initially refer to the screening guidelines, the diagnostic tests used, the need for novel biomarkers in DN, the recent advances in high-risk patient identification, the recomm...
Background: Brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) is a condition in which the brachial plexus is thought to be damaged during the birth process. Studies have cited a varying incidence rate ranging from 0.5 to 4.0 per 1000 live births. The purpose of this study is to evaluate birth claims data over a 15-year period to identify risk and protective factors for BPBI in the state of Colorado. Methods: A data request was made to the state hospital association for birth claims data. We requested all birth claims from the years 2000 to 2014. ICD9 codes for variables of interest included: BPBI, shoulder dystocia, heavy-for-dates...
Conclusions: When considering a child with an irritable knee, a heterogeneity of potential underlying pathologies and combinations of pathologies are possible. Importantly, the age of the patient and CRP can guide a clinician when considering further workup. Older patients with a higher admission CRP value warrant an immediate magnetic resonance imaging, as they are likely to have osteomyelitis, which was associated with worse outcomes when compared with patients with isolated septic arthritis. Level of Evidence: Level III—retrospective research study.
Conclusion. The spontaneous incidence rate of vertebral body infection among OVF patients was 0.7%; however, the occurrence of this complication led to serious events. Clinicians should pay attention to the possibility of bacillemia in elderly or immunocompromised OVF patients. Level of Evidence: 4
Conclusion. Although intent-to-treat analysis failed to show significant differences in patients treated surgically, results of the as-treated analysis determined statically greater improvements in those patients with spondylolisthesis who were treated surgically as compared to those treated nonoperatively. Level of Evidence: 2
Purpose of review Autoimmune and immune-mediated diseases are considered contraindications for laser refractive surgeries according to the US Food and Drug Administration's guideline. This guideline, however, is based on limited case reports or complications reported during other intraocular procedures. There have been only a handful of new clinical studies that evaluate the efficacy and safety of refractive surgery in this specific patient population. The aim of this article is to review currently available research and offer updated recommendations for the evaluation and management of laser refractive surgery (LRS) in ...
Purpose of review To give an updated review on the underlying mechanisms and clinical effects of improved glucose control after bariatric surgery. Recent findings The basic principles of the mechanism for the metabolic effects of bariatric surgery can be categorized into calorie restriction, deviation of nutrients, and reduced amounts of adipose tissue. Recent findings suggest the importance of early changes following deviation of nutrients to more distal parts of the small bowel resulting in altered release of gastrointestinal hormones, altered gut microbiota, and weight-reduction. In the long-term, loss of adipose t...
Publication date: September 2020Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, Volume 44Author(s): Yasemin ATEŞ, Nezehat Özgül ÜNLÜER
Publication date: September 2020Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, Volume 44Author(s): Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Amirreza Azimi, Samira Navardi, Nasim Rezaeimanesh, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi
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