Impact of the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Outbreak on Emergency Care Utilization and Mortality in South Korea.
CONCLUSION: During the MERS epidemic, the number of ER visits decreased in all age, sex, and socioeconomic groups, and decreased most sharply for low-acuity diseases. Nonetheless, there was no significant change in deaths after emergency care. PMID: 31347336 [PubMed - in process]
Just days after health officials urged Americans to throw out their salad kits over E. coli concerns, the Food and Drug Administration announced it's investigating three separate E. coli outbreaks linked to salad products.
Authors: Ashrafi MR, Amanat M, Garshasbi M, Kameli R, Nilipour Y, Heidari M, Rezaei Z, Tavasoli AR Abstract Introduction: Leukodystrophies constitute heterogenous group of rare heritable disorders primarily affecting the white matter of central nervous system. These conditions are often under-appreciated among physicians. The first clinical manifestations of leukodystrophies are often nonspecific and can occur in different ages from neonatal to late adulthood periods. The diagnosis is, therefore, challenging in most cases.Area covered: Herein, the authors discuss different aspects of leukodystrophies. The authors used...
Publication date: 14–20 December 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10215Author(s): Basu Dev Pandey, Anthony Costello
Publication date: 14–20 December 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10215Author(s): Mohammed A Mamun, Jannatul Mawa Misti, Mark D Griffiths, David Gozal
Publication date: 14–20 December 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10215Author(s): Thais Helena dos Santos, Jose L San Martin, Luis G Castellanos, Marcos A Espinal
ConclusionThe present study reports a variant subgroup GII-a PEDV HM2017 strain in China and characterize its pathogenicity. PEDV strain HM2017 of subgroup GII-a presents a promising vaccine candidate for the control of PED outbreaks in China.
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Helena C. Maltezou, Xanthi Dedoukou, Elpida Pavi, Maria Thoeodoridou, Kostas AthanasakisSummaryMeasles represents an occupational risk for healthcare personnel (HCP). A total of 117 cases of measles among HCP were notified in Greece during 2017-2018. We were able to contact 46 of them. Most of those contacted had a serious clinical course with complications, necessitating hospitalization in 67% of cases. All HCP reported absenteeism, for a mean duration of 21.2 working days (range: 3-60 days); 54.3% of HCP reported being at w...
ConclusionsThis study provides initial perspectives on measles preparedness among Idaho CAHs, despite limited generalizability. Future studies should explore whether self-reported preparedness measures reflect the ability of the CAHs to control measles spread when cases present for care.
ConclusionsWe hypothesize that itaconate transiently inhibits SDH to gradually “awaken” mitochondrial function upon reperfusion that minimizes ROS and tissue damage. Collectively, our data indicate that itaconate acts as a mitochondrial regulator that controls redox metabolism to improve physiological outcomes associated with IR injury.
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Vincent C. WooAbstractAdults with type 2 diabetes mellitus can benefit from pharmacotherapies that lower their risk for cardiovascular disease. This review describes the salient findings from sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor cardiovascular outcome trials that serendipitously revealed the cardiorenal benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who either have established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors. It also summarizes the findings from other phase 3 cl...