Does motivation mediate the relationship between competence perceptions and patient outcomes among individuals with chronic low back pain? A multiple mediation analysis.

Does motivation mediate the relationship between competence perceptions and patient outcomes among individuals with chronic low back pain? A multiple mediation analysis. Disabil Rehabil. 2019 Jul 26;:1-7 Authors: Podlog L, Burns R, Dimmock JA, Jackson B, Hall MS, Fritz JM Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine: (1) motivations of patients with chronic low back pain to attend physical therapy; (2) relationships between competence perceptions, motivational regulations, and pain/disability; and (3) whether patient motivations to attend physical therapy mediate the relationship between competence perceptions and pain/disability. Methods: A sample of 64 participants completed baseline assessment (1-week prior to initiation of physical therapy) and 6-week follow-up assessment. Differences between motivation variables at baseline were examined using one-way within-person ANOVA. Relationships between competence perceptions, motivation subscales, and pain/disability were calculated using bivariate correlations and multiple mediation analyses. Results: Participants reported significantly higher levels of autonomous versus controlled motivation (mean difference = 3.5, p
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

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This study aimed to determine the influence of various factors on, and the and the extent of adherence to prescribed post-operative pain medication (POPM) measured by participant-reported pill count (PRPC) following day case orthopaedic surgery at a private South African hospital.MethodsThis prospective, quantitative cross-sectional study involving 120 participants (51 males, 69 females), used a structured questionnaire completed through a telephonic survey, 4 days after orthopaedic surgery. Measurements included PRPC adherence (adherent vs. non-adherent), in relation to post-operative adherence behaviour (POAB), normal me...
Source: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): D Marengo, R Rosato, G Gamberini, P Cavalla, M Gironi, F Patti, L Prosperini, C SolaroAbstractBackgroundThe Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12) has showed good psychometric properties in reports exploring its validity using Classical Test Theory methods. Findings from recent studies using Item Response Theory methods advance the idea that some aspects of the MSWS-12 does not fully comply with some requirements of sound measurement.Research questionThe present study investigated whether the measurement prope...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study is the first to investigate possible lncRNA biomarkers to differentiate phenotypic severity in MS. Although the findings are preliminary based on our small sample size, they are sufficient to identify hypotheses for future investigation, and give guidance regarding the design of future studies.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Yinghua Peng, Xiaozheng Zhang, Tianshu Zhang, Peter M. Grace, Hongyuan Li, Yibo Wang, Hang Li, Hongqian Chen, Linda R. Watkins, Mark R. Hutchinson, Hang Yin, Xiaohui WangAbstractThere is growing interest in drug repositioning to find new therapeutic indications for drugs already approved for use in people. Lovastatin is an FDA approved drug that has been used clinically for over a decade as a lipid-lowering medication. While lovastatin is classically considered to act as a hydroxymethylglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase inhibitor,...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Ayad Ahmad MohammedAbstractGall bladder polyps occur in 0.4% of patients undergoing cholecystectomy, the majority of gall bladder polyps are benign, they are classified into 3 types: epithelial or adenomatous polyps, mesenchymal polyps, and pseudopolyps. Gall bladder polys mostly affect females and those more than 50 years of age. Ultrasound is a very sensitive tool in the diagnosis.An 88-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain and right hypochondrial pain, fever, and vomiting for 1 week. Clinical examination showed j...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
OMNY Health, which helps hospitals monetize operational data, took home the audience choice grand prize.
Source: mobihealthnews - Category: Information Technology Source Type: news
Publication date: October 2019Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Volume 74, Issue 4Author(s): Pradeep Goyal, Sonali Gupta
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Volume 74, Issue 4Author(s): Norman Ng, Gregory Emmanuel, Josh Greenstein, Barry Hahn
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
One of the fundamental distinctions we need to make when working with people who experience pain is to understand the difference between experiencing pain – and the behaviour or actions or responses we make to this experience. This is crucial because we can never know “what it is like” to experience pain – and all we have to rely on as external observers is what we see the person doing. Differentiating between the various dimensions associated with our experience of pain makes it far easier to address each part in the distinct ways needed. Let me explain. We know the current definition of pain &ndas...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Clinical reasoning Cognitive skills Education/CME Pain Pain conditions biopsychosocial disability Research theory Source Type: blogs
“A bear, however hard he tries, grows tubby without exercise.” – A. A. Milne You don’t need to knock yourself out at the gym each day to reap the many health benefits of daily exercise. With simple planning and a determination to engage in a healthier lifestyle, you can add easy stints of exercise to your schedule without breaking too much of a sweat. Best of all, you may realize some of these 10 health benefits of daily exercise. Exercise elevates your mood When you are physically active, it stimulates brain chemicals that make you feel better and lifts your mood. Some experts say that exercise of ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Habits Health-related LifeHelper Self-Help Source Type: blogs
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