Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy.

Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Jul 26;7:CD008873 Authors: Palacios C, Kostiuk LK, Peña-Rosas JP Abstract BACKGROUND: Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy may be needed to protect against adverse pregnancy outcomes. This is an update of a review that was first published in 2012 and then in 2016. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether vitamin D supplementation alone or in combination with calcium or other vitamins and minerals given to women during pregnancy can safely improve maternal and neonatal outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: For this update, we searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (12 July 2018), contacted relevant organisations (15 May 2018), reference lists of retrieved trials and registries at and WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (12 July 2018). Abstracts were included if they had enough information to extract the data. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised and quasi-randomised trials evaluating the effect of supplementation with vitamin D alone or in combination with other micronutrients for women during pregnancy in comparison to placebo or no intervention. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently i) assessed the eligibility of trials against the inclusion criteria, ii) extracted data from included trials, and iii) assessed the risk of bias of the included trials. The certainty...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Specific contexts appeared to be associated with problematic drinking for both sexes. Among both men and women, "social drinking" was associated with problematic drinking. Both "home drinking" (men) and "daytime drinking" (women) contexts, were associated with problematic drinking and depressive symptoms. Targeted alcohol-focused interventions need to address co-occurring mental health issues. PMID: 31519127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol X Source Type: research
Abstract Objective: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in women treated for infertility and oocyte donors, and to investigate the possible influence of HPV infection on reproductive outcomes. Study design: In this observational laboratory-based study, cervical swabs were collected from oocyte donors (n = 207), and women treated for infertility (n = 945) and analysed for the presence of high-risk HPV (hrHPV) genotypes using the cobas® 4800 HPV Test and PapilloCheck® HPV-Screening. Associations between hrHPV positiv...
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol X Source Type: research
cute;ndez-Santos D, Fanjul-Bolado P Abstract Raman spectroelectrochemistry based on electrochemical surface-enhanced Raman scattering (EC-SERS) effect is an interesting alternative to overcome the lack of sensitivity of normal Raman spectroscopy. Electrochemical activation of metallic screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) leads to the reproducible generation of nanostructures with excellent SERS properties. In that way, gold SPEs circumvent the traditional reproducibility limitation and produce the enhancement of the Raman intensity to favor the detection of low concentrations. Furthermore, fingerprint features of Rama...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
In this study, a smartphone camera using an image-based colorimetric detection method was successfully developed for quantitative analysis of urine glucose. A horseradish peroxidase-hydrogen peroxide-3,3'5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (HRP-H2O2-TMB) system was optimized for a reliable and gradual color fading process via a glucose oxidase (GOD) catalyzed oxidation reaction. The color changes of the peroxidase-H2O2 enzymatic reactions in the 96-well microplate were captured by a smartphone RGB camera with subsequent detection of red, green, and blue (RGB) intensities decreasing at each image pixel. The highly quantitative relati...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
Abstract This work presents a reliable analytical procedure combining micro-extraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry to determine 8-iso prostaglandin F2α, 8-iso prostaglandin E2 and prostaglandin E2 in dried blood spots (DBSs). To reach this goal, we optimized a fast semi-automated MEPS procedure for the clean-up and pre-concentration of the analytes extracted from a single DBS (50 μL) by a 70:30 v/v methanol:water mixture. Limits of detection of about 20 pg mL-1, satisfactory recoveries (90-110%) and very g...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
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Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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