Molecular Epidemiology of an Outbreak of Human Parainfluenza Virus 3 Among Oncology Patients

Publication date: Available online 26 July 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Emily S. Bailey, Erica Lobaugh-Jin, Becky Smith, Christopher Sova, Joey Misuraca, Nancy Henshaw, Gregory C. GrayAbstractA hospital outbreak of human parainfluenza virus type 3 in hematologic oncology patients is described in 12 patients over a 4-week period. Exposure histories and molecular analysis of HPIV-3 isolates suggests that both community acquired and nosocomially transmitted infections occurred during this outbreak. Molecular analysis of HPIV-3 isolates indicated that a chain of transmission occurred among multiple patients in an oncology ward. This transmission was later determined to be associated with the movement of fomites, visitors, and activities in the unit. The infection prevention team was able to stop nosocomial spread of HPIV-3 through interventions including advanced cleaning procedures.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Plant variety and soil type influence Escherichia coli O104:H4 strain C227/11ϕcu adherence to and internalization into the roots of lettuce plants. Food Microbiol. 2020 Apr;86:103316 Authors: Eissenberger K, Drissner D, Walsh F, Weiss A, Schmidt H Abstract Human disease outbreaks caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli are increasingly associated with the consumption of contaminated fresh produce. Internalization of enteroaggregative/enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EAEC/EHEC) strains into plant tissues may present a serious threat to public health. In the current study, the ability of the fluorescing Shiga ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
The objectives of the current study were to investigate: i) the effectiveness of 10 plant essential oil extracts on the viability of Salmonella spp. using disc diffusion ii) the antimicrobial activity of the most effective oils against Salmonella spp. in commercial or 10% w/v hydrated tahini (tahini-based product model) stored at 37, 25 and 10 °C for 28 d and iii) the effect of the addition of essential oil extracts on the sensory acceptability of tahini and hydrated tahini. Among the tested essential oils, thyme (TO) and cinnamon oil (CO) showed the highest antimicrobial activity against tested Salmonella spp. at ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
We examined 252 rectal swabs obtained from 134 roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), 97 red deer (Cervus elaphus) and 21 fallow deer (Dama dama) in north-eastern Poland. The samples were enriched in modified buffered peptone water. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays were conducted to determine the virulence profile of stx1, stx2 and eae or aggR genes, to identify the subtypes of stx1 and stx2 genes, and to perform O and H serotyping. E. coli O157:H7 isolates were detected in the rectal swabs collected from 1/134 roe deer (0.75%) and 4/97 red deer (4.1%), and they were not detected in fallow deer (Dama dama). The remaining E....
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2019Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Lee Worden, Sarah F. Ackley, Jennifer Zipprich, Kathleen Harriman, Wayne T.A. Enanoria, Rae Wannier, Travis C. PorcoAbstractA large measles outbreak in 2014–2015, linked to Disneyland theme parks, attracted international attention, and led to changes in California vaccine policy. We use dates of symptom onset and known epidemic links for California cases in this outbreak to estimate time-varying transmission in the outbreak, and to estimate generation membership of cases probabilistically. We find that transmission declined significantly d...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
U.S. President Donald Trump said on Monday he will be meeting with vaping industry representatives as his administration considers tightening e-cigarette regulations amid a nationwide outbreak of vaping-related injuries and deaths.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed synthetic peptide-coated magnetic beads that can be used to detect the presence of misfolded proteins in blood samples. Misfolded proteins are a factor in a number of diseases, inclu...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Nanomedicine Neurology Public Health Source Type: blogs
It is now apparent that, as many of us figured out months ago, the use of vitamin E acetate oil as a thickening agent in THC vaping cartridges and perhaps other counterfeit or adulterated black market vaping products is causing the vaping-associated respiratory illness outbreak. Nevertheless, the CDC and at least one prominent anti-e-cigarette researcher have not yet given up in their attempt to pin the outbreak on traditional e-cigarettes which they apparently despise.The CDC continues to term this outbreak " E-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury. " This is an extremely odd name, especially ...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
GIDEON what’s new summary: November 10 to November 11, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (34 updates) 34 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (102 updates) 4 Clinical notes32 Diseases65 Country notes1 New Disease Synonym AddedMap The post Update: November 11, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
This interim report of the review focuses on available data on uptake of vaccines and current GP contractual arrangements including: the current structure of general practice payments; incentive schemes including the childhood target incentive scheme; and call and re-call requirements and opportunistic vaccination. The Review will continue for the remainder of the year and will now consider travel vaccinations; outbreaks and catch up programmes; and further areas for improvement.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
One new case of measles was reported this weekend in the United States, with the country suffering its worst outbreak of the highly contagious and sometimes deadly disease in close-to three decades.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
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