Serine protease inhibitors and activators from Dalbergia tonkinensis species

AbstractThe vulnerable plantDalbergia tonkinensis Prain is a rare species in Vietnam. In the course of our studies on biologically active plants, we performed serine protease enzyme screenings. The results suggest that at concentrations of 25 –250 ng/mL, methanol extracts of leaf and root, root ethanol extract and its dichloromethane fraction, and heartwood water decoction extract can serve as useful sources to stimulate trypsin enzyme activity. In addition, water decoction extracts of leaf and stem bark may explain unknown ethno-phar macology due to the high inhibitory effects in enzyme assays using trypsin, chymotrypsin, and elastase. Among 23 isolated compounds and two semi-synthetic derivatives tested, quercetin (17) inhibits the activities of trypsin and chymotrypsin with IC50 9.7  µM. Flavonoids categorized as flavanone, isoflavanone, flavone, isoflavone, pretocarpan, aurone, and neoflavanone demonstrated variable activities. Several substitutions are closely correlated with protease actions, including hydroxylation at C-3 and C-3′ in flavone and C-5 and C-3′ in isofla vone, hydroxylation at C-3, C-5 and C-3′, carboxylation at C-6 and C-8, and 7-substitution in flavanone; 7-substitution and methoxylation at C-3′ in isoflavanone; and lactone ring opening in neoflavanone. In the assessment of casein cleavage, at a dose of 25 ng/mL, leaf water decoction extract demonstrates an inhibitory effect on casein cleavage by trypsi...
Source: Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Source: Pneumologie - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research
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