The prognostic value of inflammatory and vascular endothelial dysfunction biomarkers in microvascular and macrovascular complications in type 1 diabetes.

The prognostic value of inflammatory and vascular endothelial dysfunction biomarkers in microvascular and macrovascular complications in type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab. 2019;25(1):28-35 Authors: Wołoszyn-Durkiewicz A, Myśliwiec M Abstract Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterised by a destruction of pancreatic  cells, which leads to absolute insulin deficiency. Persistently high glycaemia causes vascular damage throughout the body. Microvascular complications com-prise the following: nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy. Macrovascular complications include coronary heart disease (CHD), which may result in myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease (leading to strokes), and peripheral vascular disease. The pathogene-sis of vascular complications is multifactorial and is probably the combination of direct glucose-mediated endothelial damage, oxidative stress, production of sorbitol, and advanced glycation end-products. Precise understanding of these mechanisms could help clinicians to identify diabetic complications earlier and subsequently implement indispensable therapy on time. It is vital to determine biomarkers of microvascular and macrovascular complications in children affected with T1DM. Advanced glycation end-products and their receptors, adhesive molecules, pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, enzymes such as N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase, and growth factors are the subject...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Source Type: research

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This article attempts to aid clinicians in using diabetes devices in their clinical practice. It reviews device selection, initiation, and follow-up. It discusses work flow in an office and provides tips on billing. It stresses the need for patient choice, education, and on-going support through downloading and interpretation of data to optimize care. PMID: 31980122 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am Source Type: research
Authors: Fournier E Abstract Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is too common a condition not to daily interact with the practitioner, if only because of its entanglement to other pathologies, causal or chance association. The typical symptomatology, with hand paresthesia and morning pain upon waking, is related to a median nerve injury in the confined space of the carpal tunnel, more often by local inflammation and tenosynovitis of the finger flexors (repetitive activity of the hands). SCC may be secondary to situations (pregnancy) or conditions (edema, hypothyroidism…), which exaggerate the ordinary pathophysiol...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
Discussion The aortic valve usually has 3 leaflets. In bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) there are 2 asymmetric leaflets with a fish-mouthed orifice between them which may not open fully. It occurs in about 0.5-2% of the population making it one of the most common congenital heart anomalies and the most common one in adults. Transmission is autosomal dominant yet males are more likely to have BAV, indicating potential reduced penetrance in females. “BAVs are different, however, in that the tissue pathology is not limited to the valves’ leaflets but extends from the left ventricular outflow tract to the ascending thor...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
ConclusionsHigher concentrations of triclosan, BP-3, and propyl, butyl, ethyl, and methyl parabens were associated with lower odds of diabetes. These findings warrant further investigation into the potential mechanism behind the observed associations and the temporal direction of the associations, given that we cannot rule out reverse causation. Future studies of these endocrine disruptors may improve the understanding of their relationship with diabetes.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDiabetes is a common and prevalent medical condition as it affects many lives around the globe. Specifically, type-2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by chronic systemic inflammation alongside hyperglycemia and insulin resistance in the body, which can result in atherosclerotic legion formation in the arteries and thus progression of related conditions called diabetic vasculopathies. T2D patients are especially at risk for vascular injury; adjunct in many of these patients, their cholesterol and triglyceride levels reach dangerously high levels and accumulate in the lumen of their vascular system.Re...
Source: Current Pathobiology Reports - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn conclusion, we identified a genetic regulator of spontaneous lipolysis, and provide evidence for HIF3A as a novel key regulator of lipolysis in subcutaneous adipoctyes as the mechanism through which the locus is influencing adipose tissue biology.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionP. karwinskii leaf extract inhibited reactive oxygen species and exerted an anti-inflammatory effect. Moreover, this extract did not induce gastric damage in the animals. The bioactivity of the species was found to support its traditional use in traditional medicine. This orchid could be used to treat inflammatory diseases without causing the side effects associated with Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It can also be employed to treat other pathological conditions associated with oxidative stress. The findings herein form the basis for the future discovery of natural products that may serve as safe alternat...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Zaizhi Gui, Jinchang Zhu, Song Ye, Juan Ye, Jiao Chen, Yuanyuan Ling, Xueting Cai, Peng Cao, Zhiyu He, Chunping HuAbstractGating modifier toxins (GMTs) from animal venom have shown great potential in controlling blood glucose levels in type II diabetes (T2D), but their high acute toxicity and quick clearance in the body hamper their potential therapeutic use. Inspired by their highly positive charge, we have developed a nanocomplex system based on polyelectrolytes, in which strong interactions form between positively ...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 124Author(s): Zhiguang Yang, Xingyu Lin, Peng Zhang, Yunpeng Liu, Zihao Liu, Benxin Qian, Xing Liu, Guoguang ShaoAbstractLong non-coding RNA LINC00525 has been reported to be upregulated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, its biological roles and underlying mechanism involved in modulation of NSCLC remain largely unclear. Real-time PCR were performed to determine the expression of LINC00525 and miR-338-3p in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Cell proliferation was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony-formation assays. Cell m...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: March–April 2020Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &Radiotherapy, Volume 25, Issue 2Author(s): Ramaiah Vinay Kumar, Suman BhaskerAbstractObesity has become epidemic both in developed and developing countries. Socio-economic (SE) development has resulted in increased prevalence of obesity across all social groups in developing countries that is contrary to the effects of rising SE status on prevalence of obesity in the developed world. Obesity is not only associated with metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, diabetes but is also a risk factor for cancer and is responsible for increased c...
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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