Melanoma Succumbs To Natural Plant Substance Gossypin In Lab Tests

For the first time, using lab tests on cell cultures and mice, researchers in the US have shown that gossypin, a naturally-occurring substance found in plants, may be an effective treatment against melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer. Hareesh Nair of the Texas Biomedical Research Institute, and colleagues, write about their findings in the April issue of Molecular Cancer Therapeutics. In their background information they explain that previous studies have shown gossypin, a flavone originally isolated from the hibiscus plant (H...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Melanoma / Skin Cancer Source Type: news

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BackgroundStratification of patients who could benefit from immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy is of much importance. PD-1hiCD8+ T cells represent a newly identified and effective biomarker for ICI therapy response biomarker in lung cancer. Accurately quantifying these T cells using commonly available RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data may extend their applications to more cancer types.MethodWe built a transcriptome signature of PD-1hiCD8+ T cells from bulk RNA-seq and single-cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) data of tumor-infiltrating immune cells. The signature was validated by flow cytometry and in independent datasets. The cl...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Cancers, Vol. 13, Pages 4620: Improving Biologics’ Effectiveness in Clinical Oncology: From the Combination of Two Monoclonal Antibodies to Oligoclonal Antibody Mixtures Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers13184620 Authors: Christel Larbouret Laurent Gros André Pèlegrin Thierry Chardès Monoclonal antibodies have revolutionized the treatment of many diseases, but their clinical efficacy remains limited in some other cases. Pre-clinical and clinical trials have shown that combinations of antibodies that bind to the same target (homo-combinations) or to different targets (hetero-combinations) ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
We present the 68Ga-PSMA and 18F-FDG PET/CT findings comparatively of a 67-year-old prostate cancer and malignant melanoma patient who had COVID-19 pneumonia 3 months ago. In 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, ground-glass opacities showing markedly increased PSMA uptake were observed in the patient’s lungs. It was learned that the patient had COVID-19 pneumonia 3 months ago and was treated in the intensive care unit for 13 days. In 18F-FDG PET/CT, FDG uptake was minimal in the same areas. In the midterm period after COVID-19 pneumonia, lung PSMA uptake is more intense than FDG, which may help better understand the disease’s healing phase.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
Cancer Res. 2021 Sep 13:canres.CAN-21-0164-A.2021. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-21-0164. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite impressive advances in melanoma-directed immunotherapies, resistance is common and many patients still succumb to metastatic disease. In this context, harnessing natural killer (NK) cells, which have thus far been sidelined in the development of melanoma immunotherapy, could provide therapeutic benefits for cancer treatment. To identify molecular determinants of NK cell-mediated melanoma killing (NKmK), we quantified NK cell cytotoxicity against a panel of genetically diverse melanoma cell lines and ...
Source: Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
Ir Med J. 2021 Aug 19;114(7):402.ABSTRACTAims Cutaneous melanoma accounts for 90% of all melanoma cases diagnosed. In addition, the incidence of cutaneous melanoma is increasing by approximately 3-7% yearly, and it is the most rapidly increasing cancer diagnosed in white populations worldwide. The aim of this study is to assess the survival benefit of Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy (SLNB) in cutaneous melanoma in an Irish population. Methods Population based data was obtained from the National Cancer Registry of Ireland (NCRI) on all patients with a cutaneous melanoma diagnosed over a 20-year period 1994-2014 and predictors of...
Source: Ir Med J - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Approximately 10% of all colorectal cancer is estimated to be due to an inherited predisposition. Identification of a germline pathogenic variant can aid in treatment, screening, and surveillance and help stratify familial cancer risks based on gene-specific cancer associations. TheAPC gene contributes to a small percentage of hereditary colon cancer, with most pathogenicAPC variants causing familial adenomatous polyposis syndrome. However, one specific variant inAPC called p.I1307K, found in approximately 10% of Ashkenazi Jewish individuals, is associated with a moderate risk for colon cancer, but not polyposis. Heterozyg...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Using a virus that grows in black-eyed pea plants, nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego developed a new treatment that could keep metastatic cancers at bay from the lungs. The treatment not only slowed tumor growth in the lungs of mice with either metastatic breast cancer or melanoma, it also prevented or drastically minimized the spread of these cancers to the lungs of healthy mice that were challenged with the disease.
Source: World Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news
An experimental PET radiotracer can predict whether patients will respond earl...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: PET identifies early responders to liver cancer treatment Second-look PET/CT catches cancer spread FDG-PET/CT aids in melanoma treatment assessment New PET tracer could aid melanoma detection MRI holds promise for immunotherapy but needs more research
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusion: Summary of the incidence rates of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers which shows that though there are regional variations of incidence in India is lower than that of in the West.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Cancer Gene Therapy, Published online: 14 September 2021; doi:10.1038/s41417-021-00377-7Overexpression of microRNA-130a represses uveal melanoma cell migration and invasion through inactivation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by downregulating USP6
Source: Cancer Gene Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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