Eat The Seeds: Why The Germs In Apples May Be Good For You

(CNN) – Apples overflow with bacteria — about 100 million bacteria, many of which are healthy. Apple aficionados who swallow the core not only get extra fiber, flavonoids and flavor, they also ingest about 10 times more bacteria than people who discard the rough bits at the center, new research finds. And for those hoping to “keep the doctor away,” go organic, suggests the new study, which was published in Frontiers in Microbiology. Organic varieties carry a more diverse community of germs than the conventional and so could be healthier for us to eat. Apples are fruit celebrities, with more people eating them worldwide — 83 million were grown in 2018 alone — than any other fruit, say the Graz University of Technology scientists who compared store-bought conventional apples with fresh-picked organics of the same size. For each fruit, they analyzed bacteria found in the stem, peel, flesh, seeds and calyx — the straggly bit at the bottom where the flower used to be. Overall, both organic and conventional apples were host to a similar number of bacteria, with most of the 100 million germs hiding in the seeds, the researchers say. Discard the core, then, and an apple contains just 10 million species, mostly contained within the flesh. Freshly harvested organic apples shelter a more diverse bacterial community than conventional — about 40% more categories and orders of germs, according to the study. A greater diversity of bacteria is ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Apples CNN Source Type: news

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AbstractObjectiveTo observe the effect of Modified Xijiao Dihuang Decoction ( 加味犀角地黄汤, MXDD) on rats with radiation enteritis, and explore its action mechanism.MethodsThirty female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into the control, model, dexamethasone (DXM), golden bifid (GB) and MXDD groups using random number table, 6 rats in each group. Except the control group, the other rats were developed into radiation enteritis model by exposing to a single60Co- γ ray at a dose of 11 Gy. The rats in the DXM, GB and MXDD groups were treated with DXM (1.425 mg/kg), GB (0.8 g/kg) and MXDD (36.0 g/kg) for 3 days, r...
Source: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
The Journal of Physical Chemistry BDOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c01595
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry B - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
The giant panda is known worldwide for having successfully moved to a diet almost exclusively based on bamboo. Provided that no lignocellulose-degrading enzyme was detected in panda’s genome, bamboo digestion is believed to depend on its gut microbiome. However, pandas retain the digestive system of a carnivore, with retention times of maximum 12 h. Cultivation of their unique gut microbiome under controlled laboratory conditions may be a valid tool to understand giant pandas’ dietary habits, and provide valuable insights about what component of lignocellulose may be metabolized. Here, we collected gut microbio...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the routine identification tools available in Lebanon for differentiation of Escherichia coli and Shigella spp. The identification of 43 isolates defined as Shigella spp. by Api 20E was accessed using MALDI-TOF, serological testing, duplex PCR targeting ipaH (present in Shigella spp. and enteroinvasive E. coli "EIEC") and lacY (found in E. coli including EIEC but not Shigella spp.) as well as gyrB gene sequencing. Antibiotic susceptibility was investigated as well as Shiga-toxin production. All isolates were identified as E. coli by MALDI-TOF while the PCR showed a disparate group of ...
Source: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung Source Type: research
The intestinal gut microbiota is essential for maintaining host health. Concerns have been raised about the possible connection between antibiotic use, causing microbiota disturbances, and the increase in allergic and autoimmune diseases observed during the last decades. To elucidate the putative connection between antibiotic use and immune regulation, we have assessed the effects of the antibiotic amoxicillin on immune regulation, protein uptake, and bacterial community structure in a Brown Norway rat model. Daily intra-gastric administration of amoxicillin resulted in an immediate and dramatic shift in fecal microbiota, ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Whole-genome sequencing has enhanced surveillance and facilitated detailed monitoring of the transmission of Shigella species in England. We undertook an epidemiological and phylogenetic analysis of isolates from all cases of shigellosis referred to Public Health England between 2015 and 2018 to explore recent strain characteristics and the transmission dynamics of Shigella species. Of the 4,950 confirmed cases of shigellosis identified during this period, the highest proportion of isolates was Shigella sonnei (54.4%), followed by S. flexneri (39.2%), S. boydii (4.1%), and S. dysenteriae (2.2%). Most cases were adults (82....
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This study contributes to a better understanding of growth, survival, and disease mechanism at molecular level and provides potential new targets for designing drugs against Shigella infection.
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study assessed the occurrence of human enteric pathogens in rivers that are used by rural communities Vhembe District of South Africa as a source of drinking water covering two seasons (winter and summer) over a one-year period. Water quality was assessed using physico characteristics and indicator organisms (total coliforms, E. coli, Clostridium perfringens). Pathogens tested included bacteria (Pathogenic E. coli, Salmonella-, Shigella- and Vibrio spp.), protozoa (Cryptosporidium- and Giardia spp.), and enteric viruses (Rota-, Noro-, Entero-, and Adenoviruses) while using published molecular protocols. The results sh...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
z S Abstract Broad and unspecific use of antibiotics accelerates spread of resistances. Sensitive and robust pathogen detection is thus important for a more targeted application. Bacteriophages contain a large repertoire of pathogen-binding proteins. These tailspike proteins (TSP) often bind surface glycans and represent a promising design platform for specific pathogen sensors. We analyzed bacteriophage Sf6 TSP that recognizes the O-polysaccharide of dysentery-causing Shigella ( S. ) flexneri to develop variants with increased sensitivity for sensor applications. Ligand polyrhamnose backbone conformations were ob...
Source: Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemistry Source Type: research
Conditions:   Diarrhea;   Diarrhea Infectious Intervention:   Other: no intervention Sponsors:   Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia;   European Vaccine Initiative;   Groupe de Recherche Action en Sante Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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