HPV vaccine: A vaccine that works, and one all children should get

Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Most of the time, the body clears it without problems. But when it doesn’t, it can lead to cancer. HPV is the leading cause of cervical cancer, and it can also lead to cancers of the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, and mouth. Every year, there are more than 40,000 cases of cancer caused by HPV. The HPV vaccine can prevent most of them. Research shows the HPV vaccine is effective A study published in the journal Pediatrics underlined just how effective the vaccine is. Researchers studied women ages 13 to 26 between 2006 and 2017, looking at their protection against different strains of HPV. They studied women because initially the vaccine was given only to women, so we have the longest data about its effects in women. What they found was really encouraging. Not only did the vaccine seem to protect against the strains covered by the vaccine, but women who got it were less likely to be infected by other strains, showing that the vaccine has cross-reactivity against other strains of HPV. What was even more encouraging was that over the 10-year period, even women who didn’t get the vaccine became less likely to be infected with HPV. This is called herd immunity. By making the infection less common, those who are vaccinated help protect other people. All of this is great news — and yet only about half of US teens are fully vaccinated against HPV. For comparison, 94% of US children ha...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Men's Health Parenting Vaccines Women's Health Source Type: blogs

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This study aimed to determine the influence of various factors on, and the and the extent of adherence to prescribed post-operative pain medication (POPM) measured by participant-reported pill count (PRPC) following day case orthopaedic surgery at a private South African hospital.MethodsThis prospective, quantitative cross-sectional study involving 120 participants (51 males, 69 females), used a structured questionnaire completed through a telephonic survey, 4 days after orthopaedic surgery. Measurements included PRPC adherence (adherent vs. non-adherent), in relation to post-operative adherence behaviour (POAB), normal me...
Source: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Yinghua Peng, Xiaozheng Zhang, Tianshu Zhang, Peter M. Grace, Hongyuan Li, Yibo Wang, Hang Li, Hongqian Chen, Linda R. Watkins, Mark R. Hutchinson, Hang Yin, Xiaohui WangAbstractThere is growing interest in drug repositioning to find new therapeutic indications for drugs already approved for use in people. Lovastatin is an FDA approved drug that has been used clinically for over a decade as a lipid-lowering medication. While lovastatin is classically considered to act as a hydroxymethylglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase inhibitor,...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Herth FJF, Reinmuth N, Wormanns D, Antoch G, Biederer J, Vogel-Claussen J, Kauczor HU, Pfeifer M, Vorstand der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin, Vorstand der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft Abstract Substantial new data on early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT has become available since the last joint statement of the German Roentgenological Society and the German Respiratory Society was published in 2011. The German S3 guideline on lung cancer was revised in 2018 and now contains a weak recommendation towards early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT in a...
Source: Pneumologie - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Publication date: 21–27 September 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10203Author(s): The Lancet
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsAdiponectin had no role in the development of gastropathy. Patients with gastropathy had a significant increase in the serum level of cholesterol and triglyceride. There is a significant negative correlation between adiponectin and weight, body mass index, waist circumference, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Ayad Ahmad MohammedAbstractGall bladder polyps occur in 0.4% of patients undergoing cholecystectomy, the majority of gall bladder polyps are benign, they are classified into 3 types: epithelial or adenomatous polyps, mesenchymal polyps, and pseudopolyps. Gall bladder polys mostly affect females and those more than 50 years of age. Ultrasound is a very sensitive tool in the diagnosis.An 88-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain and right hypochondrial pain, fever, and vomiting for 1 week. Clinical examination showed j...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: The AS04-adjuvanted HPV-16/18 vaccine administered according to a 2-dose schedule to girls 4–6 years of age induced a high and sustained immunologic response with an acceptable safety profile during the 30 months following vaccination.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research
When Charlie Sheen disclosed his HIV infection last fall, sexually transmitted infections were back in the public eye. His case will likely contribute to the belief many people have that HIV is caused by sexual promiscuity or injection drug use, when in reality having unprotected sex with someone HIV-positive just one time can lead to HIV infection. April is STD Awareness Month. The new term for STD is STI -- sexually transmitted infection -- to focus on the infection rather than the disease it could lead to. One way to mark the occasion is to get tested for HIV and thus help eradicate the stigma. A focus on HIV for STD A...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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