Bloodstream infection is associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage and infectious intracranial aneurysm in left ventricular assist device.

We report three left ventricular assist device recipients who presented with bloodstream infection and developed subarachnoid hemorrhage. Case 1, a 37-year-old male with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy with HeartMate II, presented with confusion and found to have serratia bloodstream infection and left frontal lobe subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebral angiogram showed a right M3/M4 branch infectious intracranial aneurysm. He was treated with coil embolization and underwent device exchange. Case 2, a 41-year-old male with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy with HeartMate II presented with confusion and found to have methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection and bilateral frontal convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebral angiogram showed left M3 and left A3 infectious intracranial aneurysms, which were treated with antibiotics alone. Case 3, a 58-year-old female with ischemic cardiomyopathy with HeartMate II presented with fever, found to have candida albicans bloodstream infection and a parieto-occipital enhancing lesion concerning for cerebral abscess. Repeat computed tomography brain a week later showed a new right frontal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebral angiogram showed a M4/M5 junction infectious intracranial aneurysm; patient was not a surgical candidate and was transitioned to hospice. This case series emphasizes that left ventricular assist device-associated subarachnoid hemorrhage may be caused by infectious intracranial aneurysms when acute bloodstream i...
Source: Perfusion - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research

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Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
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Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
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Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
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