Estimates of Testing for Latent Tuberculosis Infection and Cost, United States, 2013.

CONCLUSIONS: To achieve tuberculosis elimination, millions more persons will need to be tested in all sectors. By targeting testing to only those at high risk of tuberculosis and by using more specific IGRA tests, the incidence of tuberculosis in the United States can be reduced and resources can be more efficiently used. PMID: 31339816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOur report demonstrates one of the longest involvement of extensive contiguous CTSTB who was treated with one-stage posterior-only approach. However, as this is only a report of one case, further studies are required to investigate the safety and efficacy of such approach for treating extensive CTSTB.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: While there is no difference in localization of lung lesions between patients with diabetes and non-diabetes, our review found that the risk of cavitary disease is relatively higher in diabetes patients. It is essential for researchers to unify the criteria for diabetes diagnosis, patient selection, and radiographic severity and stratify the results by the potentially confounding factors. PMID: 32008562 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Medical Imaging Reviews - Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Med Imaging Rev Source Type: research
​Paracentesis can be a quick and simple procedure with the right equipment and a well-rehearsed approach. It's important to practice this skill in the procedure lab and to familiarize yourself with the kit in your department a few times a year. This month, we focus on paracentesis set-up and basics, and next month we will review the nuts and bolts of completing the procedure.Important equipment for paracentesis: Five or six collection bottles, antiseptic prep, and a paracentesis kit. Consider longer needles for abdominal walls thicker than 2.5 cm.Grab the ultrasound and a pen. Position your patient at a 45-degree angle, ...
Source: The Procedural Pause - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
By SAURABH JHA, MD Clever Hans Preetham Srinivas, the head of the chest radiograph project in, summoned Bhargava Reddy, Manoj Tadepalli, and Tarun Raj to the meeting room. “Get ready for an all-nighter, boys,” said Preetham. Qure’s scientists began investigating the algorithm’s mysteriously high performance on chest radiographs from a new hospital. To recap, the algorithm had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 1 – that’s 100 % on multiple-choice question test. “Someone leaked the paper to AI,” laughed Manoj. “I...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Health Technology @roguerad AI Saurabh Jha TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
Discussion The pericardium is a bi-layered membrane that envelops the heart and provides a barrier to prevent disease and also decreases friction as the heart moves. Pericarditis is the inflammation of pericardium. The incidence is underreported as asymptomatic or mild disease may go unrecognized. From hospitalized patient data, 0.2-5% of patients with various cardiac disease had pericarditis. An incidence rate for hospitalizations of 3.32 per 100,000 person years has been cited. Percarditis occurs more often in adolescent males. Treatment of the underlying cause or suspected cause is important, along with close monitorin...
Source: - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
This study aimed to identify the prevalence and associated factors of unsuccessful pulmonary TB treatment in community hospitals. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June-July 2019. We enrolled all patients receiving treatments in four community hospitals in central Thailand. The collected data included baseline characteristics, comorbid illnesses, a history of directly observed treatment-short course (DOTS), sputum acid-fast bacilli smear results, and chest radiography and treatment outcomes. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify factors associated with unsuccessful pulmonary TB treatment. A to...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
We read with interest the study by Wolters et al. [1], reporting the results of radiographic tuberculosis (TB) entry screening of asylum seekers in the Netherlands. We agree with the authors that we lack sufficient studies concerning latent TB infection (LTBI) screening among minor asylum seekers, and we present our study investigating LTBI prevalence and the coverage of follow-up in terms of clinical evaluation and treatment of LTBI among minor asylum seekers arriving in Denmark.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
AbstractTo prevent transmission is the ultimate goal of any TB control strategy. So far, asylum seekers/immigrants are only actively screened for TB after arrival in Germany, if admitted to mass accommodation facilities. The current TB control strategy in Germany is assessed by a SWOT-analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) including the impact of active case finding, environmental case finding (ECF) also known as contact tracing, passive case finding (PCF) and effective TB treatment. According to the number-needed-to-screen (NNS), asylum seekers from most countries and unaccompanied minors would have t...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Cases with silicosis can develop complications like tuberculosis, lung cancer, progressive massive fibrosis, cor pulmonale, broncholithiasis, or tracheobronchial compression by lymph nodes. Pleural involvement in silicosis is rare. Spontaneous pneumothorax is a pleural complication that can develop in such cases. Usually in silicosis pneumothorax is unilateral. We report here an original article with silicosis who presented with bilateral spontaneous pneumothoraxes occurring simultaneously. The rarity of its clinical presentation in the form of bilateral simultaneous spontaneous pneumothorax combined with the ...
Source: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Source Type: research
A 32-year-old white woman was referred for evaluation of palate lesion with 3 months ’ duration. Medical history included recent investigation for tuberculosis due to the presence of nodules detected on chest radiograph and previous treatment for syphilis. The patient exam revealed nasal obstruction, cough, secretion drainage, and weight loss. Extraoral examination showed erythema and edema in the face. Moreover, erosive lesions, crusts and purulent drainage were observed in the nasal area. Intraorally, an extensive necrotic lesion with bone destruction and exposure, midline palatal perforation was detected.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
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