Predictability of pharyngeal airway space dimension changes after orthognathic surgery in Class II patients: a mathematical approach

ConclusionPredicting pharyngeal airway space (PAS) development after mandibular advancement by analysing lateral cephalometric radiographs (LCR) may be useful in the screening and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients. Our mathematical approach is a simple and sustainable prediction tool based on LTR data for patients with Class II malocclusions.
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness negatively affect employees' safety performance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness with obstructive sleep apnea and safety performance at an ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the general population and may be associated with decreased exercise capacity on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). While comorbid OSA is often considered when evaluating patients for heart transplantation, post-transplant outcomes are poorly studied.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (625) Source Type: research
Background: Macroglossia, a cardinal feature of the (epi)genetic disorder Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, is associated with obstructive sleep apnea, speech and/or feeding difficulties, and dental or jaw malalignment. These sequelae may be treated and/or prevented with tongue reduction surgery; the authors sought to determine whether certain Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome patients may benefit from early surgical intervention before age 12 months. Methods: The authors conducted a retrospective review of patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome who underwent tongue reduction from 2014 to 2019. The authors assessed primary ou...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research
Condition:   Obstructive Sleep Apnea of Child Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Polysomnography Sponsor:   Federal University of Pelotas Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study aimed to elucidate the possible activity of the mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic pathway (MMAP) in obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). MATERIAL AND METHODS A control group, a mild OSAHS group, a moderate OSAHS group, and a severe OSAHS group were included. Masson staining, hematoxylin and eosin staining, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay were performed to assess collagen fiber hyperplasia, pathological morphology, and cell apoptosis, respectively, in muscle samples. RESULTS In the OSAHS groups, the palatopharyngeal muscle fibers were larger, with appare...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
PURPOSE: Cognitive decline (CD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are often comorbid. Some modifiable risk factors (RF) for CD are also associated with OSA. Diagnostic polysomnography (PSG) measures these RF and may identify at risk patients prior to the o...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe findings suggest children with 22q11DS may have a higher risk of experiencing clinical sleep problems, compared to typically developing children. Consideration of additional screening and treatment of sleep disorders in children with 22q11DS is warranted.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract Good sleep is considered to be the cornerstone for maintaining both physical and mental health. However, nearly one billion people worldwide suffer from various sleep disorders. To date, polysomnography (PSG) is the most commonly used sleep-monitoring technology,however, it is complex, intrusive, expensive and uncomfortable. Unfortunately, present noninvasive monitoring technologies cannot simultaneously achieve high sensitivity, multi-parameter monitoring and comfort. Here, we present a single-layered, ultra-soft, smart textile for all-around physiological parameters monitoring and healthcare during slee...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Biosens Bioelectron Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 March 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Guang Song, Feifei Sun, Dan Wu, Wenjing Bi
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ConclusionOximetric parameters are useful for describing a different phenotype with a high risk of mortality among patients with moderate to severe OSA, beyond the apnea –hypopnea index.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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