Seroprevalence of Cytomegalovirus Infection Among HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Harare, Zimbabwe
Viral Immunology, Ahead of Print.
Primary CMV infection during pregnancy carries a high risk of transmission to the fetus with the potential for severe sequelae including fetal death, premature birth, hearing loss and developmental delay. There is no universally accepted method of preventing congenital CMV. Our objective was to evaluate whether CMV hyperimmune globulin (HIG) administered to women with primary CMV during pregnancy reduces congenital infection.
Conclusion: One out 10 blood donors in the Lake Victoria zone blood transfusion centre is acutely infected with HCMV. There is a need to consider screening of HCMV before blood transfusion particularly in resource limited countries where HCMV is endemic.Keywords: Human cytomegalovirus, Tanzania, blood transfusion.
Conclusions: The limited data and inconsistency of findings from the few studies carried out in Africa calls for prospective studies comparing prevalence and outcomes of cCMV in infants born to women with both primary and reactivated CMV in Africa.
Conclusion: Preliminary findings in this small group suggest that early neurodevelopmental scores are within the normal range in infants with perinatal HIV-infection who started ART at a median of 6 days.
ConclusionsCauses of fetal demise at the end of the second trimester differ little from causes of stillbirth. There is value in using placental histology in late second trimester miscarriages to try to identify the cause of demise.
Conclusions: the frequencies of infections in maternal-fetal health were considered low, highlighting on syphilis and the presence for sickle cell trait.Resumo Objetivos: estimar a taxa de detec ção de patologias da TPN em papel de filtro nas regiões Sul e Sudoeste do Estado da Bahia, bem como delinear o perfil epidemiológico dessas gestantes, calcular e estimar a taxa de adesão e abrangência de cobertura do Programa. Métodos: estudo descritivo, de agosto 2013 a agosto de 2015, de d ados obtidos do Labimuno/ICS/UFBA. Resultados: foram incluídas 64.743 gestantes; as m&e...
Authors: Uehara K, Kaneko M, Matsuoka A, Kuroki M, Minematsu T Abstract Purpose: we aimed to estimate the anxiety levels of pregnant women following maternal serum screening for CMV infection. Materials and methods: In this case-control study conducted from April 2016 to June 2017, we enrolled all pregnant women referred to our hospital who were CMV immunoglobulin (Ig) M antibody positive (IgM-positive group, n = 51); further, those who were CMV IgG positive but IgM negative (IgM-negative group, n = 51) during the same period were included as study controls. Data were collected on patien...
Authors: Appak Ö, Manyaslı M, Cengiz MM, Deliloğlu B, Karaoğlu Asrak H, Özlü C, Sayıner AA Abstract The screening for syphilis during pregnancy is important to prevent intrauterine transmission and complications. Prozone phenomenon may cause a false negative result in non-treponemal syphilis tests, which complicates an accurate diagnosis. In this case report a newborn syphilis case was presented to emphasize the importance of reverse algorithm in diagnosis and the prozone phenomenon which can cause problems in rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test. The 2920 g infant patient was born from a 24-year-old m...
Conditions: CMV; Congenital Cmv; Maternal Infections Affecting Fetus or Newborn; Shedding Virus Intervention: Other: No intervention- not applicable Sponsors: St George's, University of London; St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Recruiting