Common Postcardiothoracic Surgery Arrhythmias

Cardiac arrhythmias are common after cardiac surgery and have profound sequelae. Bradycardias are typically transient and have reversible causes; however, persistent atrioventricular block is an indicator for permanent pacemaker implantation after valvular surgery. Transcatheter aortic valve surgery is associated with even higher rates of permanent pacemaker implantation. Atrial fibrillation, the most common postoperative arrhythmia, is associated with ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and short-term mortality. Ventricular arrhythmias have extremely high in-hospital mortality, as well as long-term mortality for those who survive the initial event. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators have been shown to reduce long-term mortality for these patients.
Source: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research

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Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
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Cardiac arrhythmias are common after cardiac surgery and have profound sequelae. Bradycardias are typically transient and have reversible causes; however, persistent atrioventricular block is an indicator for permanent pacemaker implantation after valvular surgery. Transcatheter aortic valve surgery is associated with even higher rates of permanent pacemaker implantation. Atrial fibrillation, the most common postoperative arrhythmia, is associated with ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and short-term mortality. Ventricular arrhythmias have extremely high in-hospital mortality, as well as lon...
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