Medical News Today: Eating earlier in the day aids weight loss by curbing appetite

Eating only between 8:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. seems to aid weight loss by reducing appetite rather than burning calories, according to new research.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity / Weight Loss / Fitness Source Type: news

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This article comprehensively reviews available data and summarizes our current understanding of the topic. Recent findings Recent studies support the concept that weight gain and treatment emergent obesity are worse with INSTI-based regimens, particularly dolutegravir. Women and nonwhites appear to be the most at risk, and the accompanying nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor may play a role. Lipohypertrophy, an abnormal accumulation of visceral fat and/or ectopic fat depots, continues to be a problem among PLWH, but the role of INSTIs is inconsistent. The pathogenesis of weight gain and changes in body compositio...
Source: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV INFECTIONS AND AIDS: Edited by David Dockrell Source Type: research
Purpose of review Neuroendocrine tumors are heterogeneous neoplasms with variable prognoses and clinical behaviors. The majority of well differentiated NETs express somatostatin receptors. Identification of these receptors has contributed to advancements in molecular and targeted radiotherapies. Recent findings Molecular scans provide important diagnostic, staging, and prognostic data. Somatostatin-receptor imaging aids in selection of patients who are eligible for somatostatin-receptor-targeting therapies. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy has recently demonstrated robust efficacy in a phase III study of progress...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: GASTROINTESTINAL HORMONES: Edited by H. Christian Weber Source Type: research
Purpose of review Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a peroxisomal disorder with varying clinical presentations, including adrenal insufficiency, neurologic disease, and testicular dysfunction. The present review is intended to describe the current knowledge of the pathophysiology of ALD and provide an update regarding newborn screening, diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment. Recent findings New York State initiated newborn screening for ALD on December 30, 2013. Successful ALD newborn screening has led to its addition on other state newborn screens and recommendations for universal screening. Initial incidence reports, bas...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT: Lynne L. Levitsky Source Type: research
[Daily Maverick] In the shadow of HIV many things are hidden. Do a quick Google search ('in the shadow of HIV') and a torrent of disease and social ills will blast across your browser. You'll find gender-based violence and stigma, sugar-daddies, obesity and hypertension, patriarchy, cancer and diabetes, denial, guilt, and the opioid crisis. Also hiding, deep in the shadows, are adolescent boys and young men.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewMetabolic comorbidities including diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, all of which are traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors that are highly prevalent in people with HIV (PWH). Bone disease including osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fragility fractures is also prevalent in PWH. These comorbidities may be prevented and treated in part with lifestyle modification, including changes to dietary and physical habits. The purpose of this review is to highlight recent literature that characterizes current lifestyle habits in PWH as well as the effectiveness of lifestyle strategies to ...
Source: Current HIV/AIDS Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Consuming a high-fat diet (HFD) is a risk factor for obesity and diabetes; both of these diseases are also associated with systemic inflammation, similar to HIV infection. A HFD induces intestinal dysbiosis and impairs liver function and coagulation, with a potential negative impact on HIV/SIV pathogenesis. We administered a HFD rich in saturated fats and cholesterol to nonpathogenic (African green monkeys) and pathogenic (pigtailed macaques) SIV hosts. The HFD had a negative impact on SIV disease progression in both species. Thus, increased cell-associated SIV DNA and RNA occurred in the HFD-receiving nonhuman primates, i...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
We describe a case of a diabetic and morbidly obese, but otherwise healthy man, who developed bacteremia and perinephric abscess due to Lactobacillus species.
Source: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Conclusion: The largest gain in BMI in HIV patients occurred in the first year on ART. During follow-up, over 50% of our population changed BMI categories putting them at an increased risk for NCDs. Consistent counselling on nutritional and lifestyle changes could help improve ART patients’ long-term health outcomes.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SOCIAL Source Type: research
THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 -- Implementation of a large-scale, enhanced recovery project for bariatric surgery is feasible and results in a decrease in extended length of stay (ELOS), according to a study published online Sept. 23 in Surgery for Obesity...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
AbstractObesity and chronic disease are growing problems among people living with HIV (PLWH) across the globe. While a variety of treatments have been developed to address cardiovascular and metabolic disease among PLWH, few treatments have focused on helping PLWH and obesity lose weight. In the general population, behavioral weight loss interventions (i.e., diet, physical activity, and behavior therapy) are the first-line treatment for adults for whom weight loss is recommended. However, little research has tested whether the benefits of these programs translate to PLWH. This paper highlights the key components of behavio...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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