Detection of minimal mucosal esophageal lesions in non-erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease using optical enhancement plus optical magnification

Endosc Int Open 2019; 07: E979-E986 DOI: 10.1055/a-0953-1844 Background and study aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield of endoscopy using optical enhancement (OE system) with optical magnification to predict reflux in non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) patients. Patients and methods A prospective, non-randomized, single-blind study was performed from September 2015 to January 2016. Participants suffered from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and were assigned to the NERD group or the non-reflux disease control group based on endoscopic findings and a 24-hour pH-impedance-monitoring test. Endoscopy using the OE system with optical magnification was performed in all patients to detect minimal mucosal esophageal lesions (MMEL), specifically abnormalities in the numbers, dilation, and tortuosity of intrapapillary capillary loops (IPCLs). Biopsies were obtained from each esophageal segment, and diagnoses from images were compared to diagnoses of reflux and inflammation using 24-hour pH-impedance monitoring and histology, respectively. Results Fifty-seven patients were included (36 in the NERD group, 21 in the control group). IPCLs were observed in 94.4 % of cases in the NERD group and 38 % of cases in the control group (P  
Source: Endoscopy International Open - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research

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Background and Aims: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common prevalent disease. We aimed to assess the dynamic changes in the peripheral T lymphocytes and lymphocytes infiltrating the esophageal mucosa after treatment with proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) in patients with GERD. Patients and Methods: A total of 200 patients who presented with upper GIT symptoms were included in this prospective study. All patients were subjected to full history taking, clinical examination, and complete blood count. Upper endoscopy was performed to detect the grade of GERD, followed by 4 quadrant biopsies before and 1 month after...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ONLINE ARTICLES: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionThe modified sleeve gastrectomy combined with laparoscopic Rossetti fundoplication seems to be a safe, effective procedure and a suitable alternative to gastric bypass in obese patients with GERD.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatient and physician ’s characteristics were related to high utilization of gastroenterology services among GERD patients. The associations with age and country of birth might reflect more severe disease. The regional differences warrant further research and interventions at the district level. Training in gastroenter ology of primary care physicians without a board certification is warranted.
Source: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Michel F, Dannesberger R, Stroh T, Fritsche R, Ahrens P Abstract The findings of functional endoscopy (upper esophageal sphincter insufficiency, cardia insufficiency, esophagitis, gastric heterotopia, axial sliding hernia, and visible aerosols) can be traced back to pharyngeal acid exposure by oropharyngeal pH measurement. Significantly increased pharyngeal acid loads are seen in gastric heterotopy and axial sliding hernia. For all measured statistics, the pharyngeal acid load is in the pathological or even very pathological range. The value of functional endoscopy in the context of laryngopharyngeal reflu...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
Test your medicine knowledge with the  MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 35-year-old man is evaluated during a follow-up appointment for persistent heartburn with chronic cough. He has a 1-year history of gastroesophageal reflux disease and takes pantoprazole twice daily. He reports no nausea, vomiting, or dysphagia. Upper endoscopy performed 1 year […]Find jobs at  Careers by  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Gastroenterology Source Type: blogs
ConclusionESG is a feasible endobariatric option, but complications like gastric perforation can occur. For such complication, immediate surgical treatment is indicated.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Journal of Laparoendoscopic&Advanced Surgical Techniques, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Laparoendoscopic - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The efficacy and safety of AlibsD in treating NERD patients are not inferior to those of omeprazole. Therefore, AlbisD can be an alternative to PPIs for NERD. PMID: 31327222 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Neurogastroenterol Motil Source Type: research
This article reviews the current literature regarding established and proposed EE-GERD, reporting on all available options for its correct diagnosis and therapeutic management. Expert opinion: MII-pH could help to identify a hidden GERD that causes EE. Unfortunately, standard MII-pH analysis results are often unable to define this association. New parameters such as the mean nocturnal baseline impedance and post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index may have an improved diagnostic yield, but prospective studies using impedance-pH are needed. PMID: 31322443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundObesity is associated with a twofold risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and thrice the risk of Barrett ’s esophagus (BE). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) leads to weight loss and improvement of GERD in population with obesity, but its effect on BE is less clear.MethodsBibliographic databases were searched systematically for relevant articles till January 31, 2019. Studies evaluating the effect of RYGB on BE with preoperative and postoperative endoscopy and biopsy were included. Study quality was assessed using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS) tool. Meta-analys...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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