Differential Diagnosis of Psychosis in a Deaf Inpatient with Language Dysfluency.

Differential Diagnosis of Psychosis in a Deaf Inpatient with Language Dysfluency. Clin Schizophr Relat Psychoses. 2013 Mar 28;:42-45 Authors: Weiler C, Landsberger SA, Diaz DR Abstract This case report demonstrates challenges diagnosing psychosis in language dysfluent deaf patients. Treatment of a 34-year-old deaf man on an inpatient psychiatric unit is described. He had a history of physical aggression and possible symptoms of paranoia and thought disorganization, in addition to learning difficulties and minimal language skills. The patient was placed on a combined hearing/deaf inpatient unit, received specialized programming for deaf patients and was prescribed risperidone and divalproex sodium to treat his aggressive behavior and possible psychosis. Uncertainty if the patient were having psychotic symptoms remained throughout his hospitalization, although he improved behaviorally and was discharged after 13 months of treatment. The patient's pre-existing language deficits made accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment challenging. It is important for clinicians to be aware of the frequency of language dysfluency in the deaf inpatient population and have a strategy for evaluating and treating this complex subgroup of deaf people. PMID: 23538291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Schizophrenia and Related Psychoses - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Schizophr Relat Psychoses Source Type: research

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Cochlear implants (CI) provide deaf or severely hearing-impaired people with speech perception. A microphone and sound processor behind the ear capture sound and transmit it, via a radiofrequency link and magnets, to an implant below the scalp. The implant delivers the transformed acoustic signal as electric pulses onto the auditory nerve fibres through intracochlear electrodes1. Importantly, hearing loss increases the risk of dementia, depression, psychosis, and schizophrenia.
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are considered as hallmark symptoms of psychosis, more specifically of schizophrenia. A substantial body of evidence indicates that AVHs can be attributed to a disorganization of overall speech capacity in psychotic subjects. AVHs are associated with activation of cortical areas of the brain that are related to speech production and perception; “voices” in deaf patients seem to be about the message rather than the sound of it; the content of AVHs is often related to that of delusional ideas; the internal or external location of AVHs makes little diagnostic difference; AVHs ...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
In conclusion. In conclusion, if you want to have a good prosperous life, practice good sleep hygiene and make Gabe happy because he really likes this topic. Everyone, if you like A Bipolar, a Schizophrenic, and a Podcast, subscribe to us on iTunes. Listen to us everywhere, write us a review, give us five stars, tell us you love us, tell the world you love us, share everything. We love you and we hope you love us. Thank you everybody. Announcer: You’ve been listening to A Bipolar, a Schizophrenic, and a Podcast. If you love this episode, don’t keep it to yourself head over to iTunes or your preferred podcast ap...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Depression Schizophrenia Sleep Source Type: blogs
Xu Zhao1, Zhi-qiang Zhou2, Ying Xiong1, Xu Chen3, Ke Xu4, Juan Li1, Ying Hu1, Xiao-long Peng1 and Wen-zhen Zhu1* 1Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China 2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China 3Department of Neurosurgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China 4Department of Neurology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science an...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Open Questions While SPNs as a population of neurons are coming into clearer view, many unknowns remain. SPNs as a group are both the target of initial thalamic inputs but also receive extensive cortical input. In particular, there is an extensive connectivity of SPNs with the cortical plate mediated by NMDAR-only containing “silent” synapses at the earliest ages. These synapses are very sensitive to the resting potential of the cell, thus subtle modulation of the resting potential can modulate their activity and thus their ability to integrate inputs. Activation of silent synapses on SPNs by hy...
Source: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Discussion We have found that, in the human genome, the promoter regions of ID-associated genes are uniquely enriched in MER41 LTRs. More specifically, nine ID-associated genes that are putatively important in cognitive evolution exhibit MER41 LTRs in their promoter regions. As more than 100 families of HERV are integrated into our genome, it was important to determine whether our findings are specific to MER41 and to ID-associated genes, and if so to what extent. Among the 133 families of HERV explored here, MER41 is the only family whose LTRs were found with statistically high frequency in the promoter regions of ID-ass...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives Since their cloning 20 years ago, the physiological importance of TREK-1 channels has continued to grow (Figure 3). Today, TREK-1 channels have been shown to be important and their presence is essential in a number of physiopathological processes. Their involvement in these different processes demonstrate the necessity to design pharmacological modulators, activators or inhibitors, of these channels to correct any TREK-1-related dysfunctions. Despites a number of studies and many molecule screenings, only few putative new drugs were identified. The activators belonging to the ML and BL series ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
A person should not be defined by an illness or condition.  Often in popular media or casual conversation, people speak about the subject of a news story or an acquaintance by saying, “he is bipolar”, “schizophrenic”, or “mentally ill.” No one says, “She is cancer,” “she is a heart condition,” or “she is lupus.” Aside from a few very select common physical illnesses, such as diabetes where people find community and comfort in sharing their diagnosis, we would never consider insulting a person by simply identifying them by the disease which they ha...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mental Health and Wellness Minding the Media Stigma Crisis Counseling destigmatization discrimination Labels neurodivergent Stereotypes Validation Source Type: blogs
Authors: Anglemyer E, Crespi C Abstract The Deaf/hard of hearing population is growing rapidly and the medical community is facing a higher demand for this special needs group. The Deaf culture is unique in that spoken word is via sign language. What one person may see as mania or psychosis is actually a norm with Deaf individuals. The fear of the unknown language often creates immediate conclusions that are false. As such, being culturally sensitive becomes a large component of properly assessing a Deaf patient in any psychiatric situation. In the first case, the patient is a 26-year-old prelingually Deaf male, wh...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that schizophrenia affects language production in deaf patients with schizophrenia in a unique way not seen in hearing patients. PMID: 29865930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research
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