A review of pharmacological and clinical studies on the application of Shenling Baizhu San in treatment of Ulcerative colitis

ConclusionAlthough SLBZS has achieved some success in the treatment of UC, there are still some scientific gaps. There is a lack of uniform standards for constructing UC animal models, and some methods of modeling through environmental and dietary interventions are not reproducible, and there is a lack of uniform dosing regimen standards. SLBZS doses follow the tradition and lack toxicological validation. Therefore, more specific toxicological research models are essential. The clinical application of SLBZS requires reassessment and standardization. Although all clinical research reports randomly assigned patients to different groups, most did not describe a detailed method of randomization and no description of the analysis data. In addition, extensive in vitro studies and further in-depth molecular studies are essential for the determination of mechanisms that have been performed in all in vivo experiments on animal models and patients.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: BSSS-C is a reliable measure of the four dimensional model of sensation seeking in Indian adolescents. The gender differences in the BSSS-C factors are attributable to real differences in sensation seeking construct between male and female adolescents. PMID: 31520882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiological figures emerging from this study confirm that trends in Lebanon are in line with a global pattern of decreasing age at menarche. Urban-rural differences suggest that higher caloric content of diet and consequent early overweight, more evident in urban areas, are likely determinants of younger menarche. Evidence from this study calls for an urgent implementation of comprehensive multisectoral obesity prevention in children in Lebanon. PMID: 31519350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue d Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Farrah Rajabi, Frances Rohr, Ann Wessel, Leslie Martell, Steven F. Dobrowolski, Per Guldberg, Flemming Güttler, Harvey L. LevyAbstractPhenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism caused by pathogenic variants in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene (PAH). The correlation between genotype and phenotype can be complex and sometimes variable but often very useful for categorizing and predicting dietary tolerance and potential outcome. We reviewed medical records for 367 patients diagnosed wi...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
AbstractHigh-dependency units (HDUs) provide high-level care to patients who suffer from single organ failure, with the exception of respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation; HDUs serve as an intermediary between general wards and Intensive Care Units. Due to military and civilian needs, our hospital has established a unique HDU for patients with liver disease in China. A Chinese military officer in the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in South Sudan was transferred to our HDU for liver failure treatment in 2018. The patient ’s disease status, nutrition, sleep habits, and psychological behaviour were mo...
Source: Military Medical Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study sought to answer the question by investigating exogenous GM3 effects on multiple steps involved in atherogenesis. First, the physicochemical properties of native low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and LDL enriched with exogenous GM3 (GM3-LDL) were characterized by dynamic laser scattering, atomic force microscopy, and agarose gel electrophoresis. Then, electrophoretic mobility, conjugated diene and malondialdehyde production, and amino group blockage of GM3-LDL/LDL were measured to determine LDL oxidation degrees and cellular recognition/internalization of GM3-LDL/GM3-oxLDL were detected via confocal microscopy and f...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionCollectively our data suggest that the bioactive chemical pool which is responsible for the therapeutic effects of EW can be extracted in petroleum ether, and fractionated to a relatively small multiple components. Such components include known anti-inflammatory chemicals, which may contribute to the possible microglia polarization in brain lesion during the recovery of ischemic stroke.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsYGY has obvious reversal effects on the abnormal symptoms of adenine-induced CKD and the abnormal symptoms of rats with hypothyroidism and male reproductive hypotension. Its mechanism is related to its ability to regulate the HIF1α-STAT5 pathway.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe present method did not only preliminarily reveal the active substances and mechanism of NAC in treatment of IS from the perspective of network pharmacology, but show its potential application for research and development of other TCM prescriptions.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionUsing NMA, this study will offer new and informative evaluations of current TCPMs for ACI. The results will inform clinicians, provide optimal clinical treatment strategies, bridge the evidence gaps, and identify promising TCPMs for evaluation in future trials.The protocol has been registered on PROSPERO (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews) (CRD42018110307).
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions/Importance: The findings contribute to future strategies to curb the consumption of areca nut, and also help to explain unsuccessful control in China of other substances such as tobacco which overlooked social context. It is imperative that health professionals and researchers engage with the culture, health beliefs, and society of specific populations to formulate culturally appropriate and innovative oral health strategies. PMID: 31519115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
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