Inpatient statin use and stroke recurrence in patients with or without diabetes mellitus.

Conclusion: Inpatient statin use was associated with lower stroke recurrence in non-diabetic patients after acute ischaemic stroke, but no definite association between inpatient statin use and stroke recurrence in patients with diabetes mellitus was found. PMID: 31328681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

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Authors: Chen Z, Jiang C, Qu H, Liang S, Yang J, Wu H, He C, Wang X Abstract Introduction: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association between lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment. Material and methods: This was a retrospective study. The demographics, prior medical histories, comorbidities and laboratory parameters were collected from the electronic health record. All participants were followed up for 1 year after the indexed PCI. Studied end points were a composite of MACEs including all-caus...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients identified as high risk for non-persistence require special attention aimed at the improvement of their persistence with statin treatment.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSConsistent statin therapy was significantly associated with better prognosis after coil embolization or surgical clipping of cerebral aneurysms. PMID: 31125972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research
Reducing residual cardiovascular risk in patients treated with statins and having hypertriglyceridemia was addressed by Reduction of Cardiovascular Events with Icosapent Ethyl–Intervention Trial (REDUCE-IT) [1]. REDUCE-IT was a double blind placebo controlled multicenter randomized trial. Patients with established cardiovascular disease or diabetes mellitus with other risk factors treated with statins were evaluated. At study inclusion they needed to have fasting triglyceride levels between 135 and 499 mg/dL and LDL cholesterol level 41 to 100 mg/dL. They were randomized to either 2 g of icosapent ethyl twice ...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology Source Type: blogs
Conclusion Activation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant system plays an important role in cell defense against oxidative stress damage, whereas the insufficiency of the Nrf2 system is associated with multiple aspects of the genesis and progression of metabolic diseases, posing a great risk to the cardiovascular system (Figure 1). The systemic increase of Nrf2 activity by several activators may be beneficial in the treatment of metabolic diseases. In addition, selective upregulation of Nrf2 genes may represent a potential therapy in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Looking to the future, experimental research that el...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Consecutive slides on axial view (≥4 consecutive slices) might be more effective than transversal diameter to identify the atherosclerotic mechanisms of SSIs in the lenticulostriate artery territory. Clinical Trial Registration: Unique identifier: NCT00664846 Introduction Single subcortical infarctions (SSIs) have been considered to be caused by lipohyalinosis degeneration in small artery disease, traditionally called lacunar infarct (1). However, atherosclerosis occurring in the parental artery blocking the orifice of the branch artery or atherosclerosis in the proxim...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 September 2018Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Aruna D. Pradhan, Nina P. Paynter, Brendan M. Everett, Robert J. Glynn, Pierre Amarenco, Marshall Elam, Henry Ginsberg, William R. Hiatt, Shun Ishibashi, Wolfgang Koenig, Børge G. Nordestgaard, Jean-Charles Fruchart, Peter Libby, Paul M RidkerAbstractObservational, genetic, and experimental data indicate that triglyceride rich lipoproteins (TRLs) likely participate causally in atherothrombosis. Yet, robust clinical trial evidence that triglyceride (TG) lowering therapy reduces cardiovascular events remains elusive. The selec...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Leptin, an adipokine that is implicated in the control of food intake via appetite suppression, may also stimulate oxidative stress, inflammation, thrombosis, arterial stiffness, angiogenesis and atherogenesis. These leptin-induced effects may predispose to the development of cardiovascular diseases. In the present review we discuss the evidence linking leptin levels with the presence, severity and/or prognosis of both coronary artery disease and non-cardiac vascular diseases such as stroke, carotid artery disease, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) as well as with chroni...
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research
Conclusions—The composite risk of stroke and transient ischemic attack reduced in the postrandomized LDL cholesterol level of 80 to 100 mg/dL after adjusting for statin usage.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: Unique identifier: NCT00221104.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Lipids and Cholesterol, Secondary Prevention, Treatment Original Contributions Source Type: research
AimTo investigate whether plasma concentrations of proprotein‐convertase‐subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) were associated with cardiovascular (CV) events in two cohorts of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MethodsWe considered patients from the DIABHYCAR (n = 3137) and the SURDIAGENE (n = 1468) studies. Baseline plasma PCSK9 concentration was measured using an immunofluorescence assay. In post hoc, but preplanned, analyses we assessed the relationship between PCSK9 and the following endpoints: (1) a combined endpoint of major CV events: CV death, non‐fatal myocardial infarction (MI), ...
Source: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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