Africa: There Are Lots of Myths About Flu - We Debunk Six of Them

[The Conversation Africa] Despite the availability of vaccines for influenza - or flu - the virus continues to kill people across the world. According to the World Health Organisation, flu epidemics result in 3 million to 5 million cases of severe illness and about 290 000 to 650 000 deaths each year.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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The lack of seasonality in influenza epidemics in the tropics makes the application of well-established temperate zone national vaccination plans challenging.
Source: Value in Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
This report aim to explore the mid-term virologic surveillance data of the 2018-2019 influenza season in Sicily and to estimate the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine (VE) against A(H1N1)pdm09 and A(H3N2) influenza viruses. A test-negative design was used to evaluate influenza VE. In Sicily, almost all influenza infections were sustained by influenza type A viruses, of which 62.3% were A(H3N2) and 36.3% A(H1N1)pdm09. A reduction of laboratory confirmed influenza cases in Sicilian population immunized against influenza were observed. In particular, an overall significant protective values were observed for any infl...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
AbstractWinter flu is an epidemic infectious disease which sometimes causes serious complications in vulnerable people treated in general practice. Currently, the most effective means of prevention is influenza vaccination, which is recommended for healthcare professionals, including general medicine interns. The target of 75% coverage set by WHO for healthcare professional is rarely reached. Our survey provides an assessment of reported influenza vaccination of general medicine interns (GMI) and evaluates factors influencing their vaccination status. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from 27 September to 2 November 2...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence, clinical presentation, and severity of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD)-causing serotypes and the impact of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination during epidemic and nonepidemic influenza periods in Catalonia, Spain. This was a prospective study in persons aged
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
From the European Congress of Virology in Rotterdam, Vincent and local co-host Ben Berkhout speak with Ron Fouchier, Rosina Girones, and Marie-Paule Kieny about their careers and their work on influenza virus, environmental virology, and developing an Ebola virus vaccine during an epidemic. Click arrow to play Download TWiV 557 (41 MB .mp3, 67 min) Subscribe (free): iTunes, Google […]
Source: virology blog - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: This Week in Virology antigenic drift ebola virus environmental virology epidemic global health H2N2 influenza virus pandemic vaccine viral viruses viruses in water Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Soyoung Kim, Eunok JungAbstractWe developed a mathematical model of the 2009 A/H1N1 influenza epidemic in the Republic of Korea by considering five age groups and suggested the best way to prioritize an age-dependent vaccination strategy for mitigating the epidemic. An age-structured SEIAR influenza model was constructed based on the laboratory confirmed data obtained from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC). The estimated transmission matrix captured one of the main characteristics of the 2009 A/H1N1 inf...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This reporter virus is stable during replication in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, and preliminary studies demonstrated it as a useful tool to evaluate antivirals. In addition, NY-r19-Gluc virus will be a powerful tool in other studies including the application of diagnostic and therapeutic antibodies as well as the evaluation of novel vaccines.
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 8Author(s): You Li, Rachel M Reeves, Xin Wang, Quique Bassat, W Abdullah Brooks, Cheryl Cohen, David P Moore, Marta Nunes, Barbara Rath, Harry Campbell, Harish Nair, RSV Global Epidemiology Network, Sozinho Acacio, Wladimir J Alonso, Martin Antonio, Guadalupe Ayora Talavera, Darmaa Badarch, Vicky L Baillie, Gisela Barrera-Badillo, Godfrey Bigogo, Shobha BroorSummaryBackgroundInfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, and metapneumovirus are the most common viruses associated with acute lower respiratory infections in young children (
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This report describes the results of workplace absenteeism surveillance analyses conducted during the high-severity 2017-18 influenza season (October 2017-September 2018) (4). Absenteeism increased sharply in November, peaked in January and, at its peak, was significantly higher than the average during the previous five seasons. Persons especially affected included male workers, workers aged 45-64 years, workers living in U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Region 6* and Region 9,† and those working in management, business, and financial; installation, maintenance, and repair; and production and relat...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Conclusions: Education plays an important role in shaping the attitudes and responsible behaviour of future physicians. They need to acquire reliable knowledge to persuade their patients as practitioners to use the most effective means of primary prevention of infectious diseases. A change of attitude is needed to stop the route of infection through vaccination, to protect not only their own health but also that of their environment and thus of their patients. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(30): 1193-1199. PMID: 31327246 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
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