Gene expression profiling reveals candidate biomarkers and probable molecular mechanism in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research

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This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Our data suggest that dietary non-heme iron deficiency may be a modulating factor in the pathogenesis of peripheral neuropathy in obese ob/ob mice with metabolic syndrome. Once the mechanisms can be further elucidated, how low dietary iron augments peripheral nerve degeneration and dysfunction via pro-inflammatory pathways and new therapeutic strategies could be developed. ABBREVIATIONS: CMAP: compound muscle action potential; cSNCV: compound sensory nerve conduction velocity; IENFD: intraepidermal nerve fiber density; LDL: low-density lipoprotein; MetS: metabolic syndrome; MNCV: motor conduction velocity; ...
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
This article reviewed very recent papers (2016) discussing or bringing clinical evidences of the possible common pathways leading to diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) and increased mortality rates.Recent FindingsDiabetic patients with diabetic foot syndrome have a mortality rate greater than twofold when compared with non-ulcerated diabetics. In addition, the 5-year mortality rate following amputation is estimated at 39 –68%, a life expectancy comparable to aggressive types of cancer or advanced congestive heart failure. The majority of patients with diabetic foot ulcer also present insulin resistance, central obesity, dy...
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Presence of orthostatic hypotension in diabetics is associated with higher prevalence of macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus and also with higher 10-year mortality.
Source: Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Poster Abstract Presentations Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Prospects Source Type: research
We examined longitudinal parameters of metabolic syndrome and neuropathy development in six mouse strains/genotypes (BKS-wt, BKS-Leprdb/+, B6-wt, B6-Leprdb/+, BTBR-wt, and BTBR-Lepob/+) fed a 54% high-fat diet (HFD; from lard). All mice fed a HFD developed large-fiber neuropathy and IGT. Changes appeared early and consistently in B6-wt mice, and paralleled the onset of neuropathy. At 36 weeks, B6-wt mice displayed all components of the metabolic syndrome, including obesity, IGT, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia and oxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDLs). Dietary reversal, whereby B6-wt mice fed a HFD from 4-20 weeks...
Source: DMM Disease Models and Mechanisms - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Metabolic Disorders, Neurodegenerative Disorders RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Purpose of review: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a disabling, highly prevalent complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM). Large clinical studies support the concept that, in addition to hyperglycemia, components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) may underlie the pathogenesis of DPN, especially in T2DM. This review will present the evidence supporting the MetS and its individual components as potential causal factors for the development of neuropathy. Recent findings: In addition to poor glycemic control and duration of diabetes, components of MetS such as dyslipidemia, obesity, and ...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: DIABETES AND THE ENDOCRINE PANCREAS I: Edited by David M. Harlan Source Type: research
Director chair, film slate and load horn. Here’s a proposal for you: If, by following the Wheat Belly lifestyle, a long list of conditions are reduced or reversed at no risk, almost no cost, reversing even chronic and potentially fatal conditions . . . does that mean that the notion of self-directed health might be on the horizon, i.e., putting control over health back in our own hands? I think it does. No, we will never implant our own defibrillators or take out our own gallbladders. But so many chronic health conditions afflicting modern humans recede that I believe that it is entirely reasonable to start talking a...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Wheat Belly Lifestyle arthritis autoimmune diabetes eating disorder gluten grains Inflammation joint Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
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