MicroRNAs: Emerging biomarkers for atrial fibrillation.

MicroRNAs: Emerging biomarkers for atrial fibrillation. J Cardiol. 2019 Jul 16;: Authors: Komal S, Yin JJ, Wang SH, Huang CZ, Tao HL, Dong JZ, Han SN, Zhang LR Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) causes severe cardiac dysrhythmia among patients with cardiovascular diseases. AF increases the risk of stroke and heart failure and is a growing public health concern. AF is also associated with various disease conditions such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, aging, and diabetes mellitus. The mechanism underlying AF is not completely understood due to its complexity. However, experimental and clinical data have revealed that the prevalence of this disease is associated with atrial arrhythmogenic remodeling. Currently, there are no biomarkers that are available for the early diagnosis of AF. Several studies have proposed microRNAs (miRNAs) as useful biomarkers for the diagnosis of AF due to their stability and easy availability both in atrial tissue and circulating blood. miRNAs play an important role in the development of the heart. The dysregulation of miRNA expression is associated with cardiac remodeling. Genetic factors strongly contribute to the pathogenesis of AF. Recently, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in various genes and miRNAs have been reported to be associated with AF. The aim of this review was to discuss the correlation between SNPs in miRNAs and AF, including those miRNAs that are commonly reported as potential biomarkers for AF. ...
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research

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Background: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have a higher risk of fatal complications (e.g., stroke). This investigation was performed as an observational retrospective cohort study includes 137 patients (age 61 ± 15; 34.3% women) with a primary diagnosis of AF (paroxysmal, persistent, and permanent). Methods: We collected information about the drug therapy, comorbidities and survival of AF patients and determined their congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or TIA or thromboembolism, vascular disease, age, sex category (CHA2DS2-VASc) scores. Statistical analysis...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Trial/Experimental Study Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The number of CIED implantation increased substantially from 2009 to 2016 in Korea. Also, the patients with CIED have been changed to be older and have more comorbidities. Therefore, the burden of health care cost in patients with CIED would be expected to increase in the future. PMID: 31074230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study we aimed to investigate the EFT in patients with MAC.Methods: The study group consisted of 78 patients with MAC. An age, gender and body mass index matched control group consisted of 47 subjects who admitted to echocardiography laboratory due to suspicion of organic heart disease and eventually found to be free of MAC. We measured EFT in patients with MAC and control subjects.Results: EFT was significantly higher in patients with MAC than in control subjects (5.7 ±0.9 vs. 4.4±0.6 mm respectively; P
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results of the study show that the VVI-derived LAA strain rate is a significant predictor of documented ischemic stroke and systemic thromboembolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Its predictive power is similar to the predictive power of the CHA2DS2-VASc score. PMID: 30824998 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Wien Klin Wochenschr Source Type: research
AbstractPurposePatients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing cardiac surgery are at substantially increased risk for stroke. Increasing evidence has suggested that surgical left atrial appendage occlusion (S-LAAO) may have the potential to substantially mitigate this stroke risk; however, S-LAAO is performed in a minority of patients with AF undergoing cardiac surgery. We sought to identify factors associated with usage of S-LAAO.MethodsIn a nationally-representative, contemporary cohort (07/2011 –06/2012) of older patients undergoing cardiac surgery with preoperative AF (n = 11,404) from the Medica...
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study investigated the CHA2DS2-VASc score to stratify patients with cardiovascular diseases receiving a fourth-generation synchronous telehealth program. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. We recruited patients with cardiovascular disease who received the fourth-generation synchronous telehealth program at the National Taiwan University Hospital between October 2012 and June 2015. We enrolled 431 patients who had joined a telehealth program and compared them to 1549 control patients. Risk of cardiovascular hospitalization was estimated with Kaplan-Meier curves. The CHA2DS2-VASc score was used as the compo...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsXANTUS-EL confirmed low stroke and major bleeding rates in patients with NVAF from EEMEA and Latin America. The population was younger but with more heart failure and hypertension than XANTUS; stroke/SE rate was similar but major bleeding lower.
Source: The Egyptian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeIschemic stroke significantly contributes to morbidity and mortality in heart failure (HF). The risk of stroke increases significantly, with coexisting atrial fibrillation (AF). An aggravating factor could be asymptomatic paroxysms of AF (so-called silent AF), and therefore, the risk stratification in these patients remains difficult. This review provides an overview of stroke risk in HF, its risk stratification, and stroke prevention in these patients.Recent FindingsStroke risk stratification in HF patients remains an important issue. Recently, the CHA2DS2-VASc score, originally developed to predict stroke ...
Source: Current Heart Failure Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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