Copper Detoxification Used As Crafty Defense Mechanism By The Fungus Cryptococcus neoformans

A potentially lethal fungal infection appears to gain virulence by being able to anticipate and disarm a hostile immune attack in the lungs, according to findings by researchers at Duke Medicine. Defense mechanisms used by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans enable it to lead to fatal meningitis, which is one of the opportunistic infections often associated with death in HIV/AIDS patients, organ transplant recipients, diabetics and other immunosuppressed patients. In describing the complex process of how C...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 16 December 2018Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Mateusz A. Stochelski, Tomasz Wilmanski, Mitchell Walters, John R. BurgessAbstractDiabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in the United States and peripheral neuropathy (PN) affects at least 50% of diabetic patients. Medications available for patients ameliorate symptoms (pain), but do not protect against cellular damage and come with severe side effects, leading to discontinued use. Our research group uses differentiated SH-SY5Y cells treated with advanced glycation end products (AGE) as a model to mimic diabetic condit...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Harsch IA, Kaestner RH, Konturek PC Abstract Insulinotropic oral antidiabetics (OAD) such as sulfonylureas and (SU) glinides are among the frequently prescribed OAD. Side effects are the potential to induce hypoglycemias and weight gain. The aim was to assess the self-managing skills in case of a hypoglycemic event in an elderly type 2 diabetic patient population. In a 2-year period, 160 hospitalized patients (mean age 77.4 years) under insulinotrophic OAD were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire. Additionally, possible dementia was evaluated by using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Karczewski J, Śledzińska E, Baturo A, Jończyk I, Maleszko A, Maleszko A, Samborski P, Begier-Krasińska B, Dobrowolska A Abstract The prevalence of obesity has recently increased dramatically and has contributed to the increasing prevalence of various pathological conditions, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, asthma, various types of cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, and others. Accumulating evidence points to localized inflammation in adipose tissue, which, in turn, promotes systemic low-grade inflammation as a primary force contributing to the d...
Source: European Cytokine Network - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Eur Cytokine Netw Source Type: research
Authors: Bastard JP, Fellahi S, Audureau É, Layese R, Roudot-Thoraval F, Cagnot C, Mahuas-Bourcier V, Sutton A, Ziol M, Capeau J, Nahon P Abstract An obesity-related altered adipose tissue secretion is suggested as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) cirrhosis. However, no prospective study has yet examined the predictive value of circulating adipokines and immuno-inflammatory biomarkers regarding this risk. This was a case-control study nested in a prospective French national cohort of HCV-infected patients with biopsy-proven compensated cirrhosis. We se...
Source: European Cytokine Network - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Eur Cytokine Netw Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 December 2018Source: New Scientist, Volume 240, Issue 3208Author(s):
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The data of this post-marketing study meet the request by the French authorities for additional data on conditions of use in everyday practice. They confirmed the tolerance and long-term effect of capsaicin 8% patch in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain in real-world conditions. PMID: 30550354 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Uncapping the iGlar dose in LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L would not have led to significant improvements in mean A1C reduction in the iGlar arm, supporting the conclusion that iGlarLixi provides additional, clinically-relevant glycemic control versus iGlar alone. PMID: 30550345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with BIAsp30, BIAsp50 showed greater efficacy in patients with baseline BG excursion>7.8 mmol/L or 2hPBG>17.6 mmol/L as well as good safety for hypoglycaemia. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-IIR-16008958. PMID: 30550344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Authors: Korzeniewski K, Konior M Abstract Neisseria meningitidis is an etiological factor of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). This Gram-negative diplococcus is transmitted from person to person via droplets or through a direct physical contact with secretions of infected patients or asymptomatic carriers. The latter account for 5-10% of the general population. The aim of the study was to estimate the actual N. meningitidis carriage rate in the military environment with identification of serogroups, genogroups, sequence types and clonal complexes of the isolates detected among Polish soldiers. The study was co...
Source: Polish Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Pol J Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 53Author(s): Yousi Fu, Junnan Zhang, Kainan Chen, Chuanxing Xiao, Lina Fan, Bangzhou Zhang, Jianlin Ren, Baishan FangAbstractThe current study investigated the effects of Dendrobium officinale polysaccharides (DOP) on human intestinal microbiota composition and metabolism via in vitro fermentation. Following 48 h of fermentation, 63.88% ± 2.40% of the total carbohydrate in the DOP was consumed and pH decreased from 6.95 to 4.70. Meanwhile, the total short chain fatty acid (SCFA) productions significantly increased, with the major SCFA b...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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