Lactic acid bacteria, Enterococcus faecalis Y17 and Pediococcus pentosaceus G11, improved growth performance, and immunity of mud crab (Scylla paramamosain)

In this study, the effects of dietary administration of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) (Enterococcus faecalis Y17 and Pediococcus pentosaceus G11) on growth performance and immune responses of mud crab were assessed. Both strains (Y17 and G11) showed an inhibitory activity against bacterial pathogens (Aeromonas hydrophila, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio alginolyticus, Staphylococcus aureus, and β Streptococcus), and a wide pH tolerance range of 2–10. In vivo, mud crabs were fed a control diet and experimental diets supplemented with 109 cfu g−1 diet either Y17 or G11 for 6 weeks before subjecting to a challenge test with V. parahaemolyticus for 12 h. The probiotic-supplemented diets had significant effects on weight gain and specific growth rate during the feeding trial. Increased serum enzyme activities of phenoloxidase, lysozyme, and SOD were observed in the hemolymph of mud crab in Y17 and G11-supplemented groups compared to that in the controls (P 
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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In conclusion, although human studies are needed, NPs obtained from food-derived flavonoids have promising anticancer effects in vivo.
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 114Author(s): Jun Chen, Shengjun Lu, Xiufang Weng, Zhihui Liang, Xiongwen WuAbstractHLA-A2 is the most common serological HLA type among all ethnic groups. Through advances in DNA typing, more than 800 subtypes of HLA-A2 have been identified, and the existence of heterogeneity of antigen specificity among the HLA-A2 subtypes has been suggested by retrospective analyses of allogeneic transplantation patients and by studies of antigen amino acid structure. However, prior to this study, the antigenicity of a given subtype or the mismatch extent between two giv...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Yuncheng Zhu, Zhiguo Wu, Oliver Sie, Yiyun Cai, Jia Huang, Hongmei Liu, Yamin Yao, Zhiang Niu, Xiaohui Wu, Yifan Shi, Chen Zhang, Tiebang Liu, Han Rong, Haichen Yang, Daihui Peng, Yiru FangAbstractBackgroundThis research was designed to investigate patient-reported and doctor-reported reasons for the discontinuation of pharmacological treatment in Chinese patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), which was part of the National Survey on Symptomatology of Depression (NSSD) from 2014 to 2015....
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Kirsten N. Abbott, Christopher K. Arnott, R. Frederick Westbrook, Dominic M.D. TranAbstractEvidence from human and animal studies suggests that high-energy diets impair cognitive function. However, the conditions for such impairments are unclear as studies have differed in the type and duration of diet exposure as well as in the tasks used to assess deficits in cognition. Here, we focused on hippocampal-dependent tasks. We conducted separate meta-analyses of the results from rodent studies using: 1) different diets (h...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study investigates potential causes of the decreased disease activity by analysing fatty acid composition in erythrocytes and plasma phospholipids and serum metabolites in the participants of the MIRA trial. Twenty-three women completed the randomized 2 × 11-week cross-over dietary intervention, exchanging one cooked meal per day, five days a week, with a meal including 75 g blue mussels or 75 g meat. Fatty acid composition in erythrocytes and plasma and 1H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H-NMR) metabolomics data were analysed with multivariate data analysis. Orthogonal Projections to Latent Structures with Dis...
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA) - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Food Quality and PreferenceAuthor(s): Rongduo Liu, Klaus G. GrunertAbstractThis paper focuses on Chinese elderly’s life satisfaction with food, a specific and important domain of Chinese people’s daily life, with two purposes: first, to investigate the relationship between satisfaction with food-related life and life satisfaction among Chinese elderly; second, to segment Chinese elderly based on their beliefs about food health, safety, freshness and taste, and profile them by their life satisfaction, satisfaction with food-relate life, food-related goals,...
Source: Food Quality and Preference - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Molecular and Biochemical ParasitologyAuthor(s): Eugene A. Rogozhin, Mikhail M. Solovyev, Tatiana V. Frolova, Galina I. IzvekovaAbstractThe inhibitors produced by the parasitic worms successfully protect them from the host’s proteases and are supposed to underlie the host-parasite specificity. Our previous study has shown that the extracts from the pike tapeworm Triaenophorus nodulosus inhibit host proteinases and commercial trypsin. We aimed to isolate and identify the components responsible for trypsin inactivation. After a two-step separation the molecular m...
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 August 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Huseyin Bilgin Bilgic, Selin Hacilarlioglu, Serkan Bakirci, Onur Kose, Ahmet Hakan Unlu, Ayca Aksulu, Metin Pekagirbas, Jabbar Ahmed, Christina Deschermeier, Gordon Langley, Tulin KaragencAbstractBabesiosis is a disease complex caused by unicellular Babesia parasites and among them, malignant ovine babesiosis caused by B. ovis has a devastating economical impact on the small ruminant industry. The control of disease is mainly based on chemotherapy and preventing animals from tick infestation and to date no vaccine is available ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Umer Chaudhry, Qasim Ali, Imran Rashid, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Muhammad Ijaz, Muhammad Abbas, Mike Evans, Kamran Ashraf, Ivan Morrison, Liam Morrison, Neil D. SargisonAbstractPiroplasmosis is caused by tick-borne haemoprotozoa of the genera Theileria and Babesia. These parasitic infections can seriously impact on the health of livestock and production. Piroplasms of multiple species can be present in a single host, but reliable molecular diagnostic tools are needed in order to understand the composition of these complex paras...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Process BiochemistryAuthor(s): Binbin Wang, Qiaozhi Song, Fangkun Zhao, Huazhi Xiao, Zhijiang Zhou, Ye HanAbstractAn exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing bacterial strain, PC, was isolated from pickled Chinese cabbage and identified as Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides. EPS yield was up to 30.5 g/L when bacteria were cultivated in Man-Rogosa-Sharpe (MRS) medium containing 5% sucrose at 30°C for 48 h. Further analysis by gas chromatography, high performance size exclusion chromatography, and nuclear magnetic resonance revealed that the EPS consisted of glucose with &al...
Source: Process Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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