The visual search patterns of drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorders in complex driving scenarios

ConclusionLicensed drivers with ASD were found to allocate visual attention differently compared to licensed drivers without ASD. Poor scanning patterns with an over-focus on the road ahead and less scanning of the road side and periphery may possibly result in unsafe driving. However, risk-taking behaviour was not prevalent in these drivers. Effective visual scanning strategies could be incorporated in the driver training of individuals with ASD.
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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Conclusion: DTI findings highlighted ASD patient WM abnormalities at diagnosis and confirmed the benefits of twelve months of early intervention and ABA therapy on clinical and neuro imaging outcomes.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion3q29 deletion carriers may undergo developmental phenotypic transition and need regular medical follow ‐up. Identified risk variants in the remaining hemizygous allele should be explored further in autism and schizophrenia research.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
(University of Waterloo) Researchers have developed a new technique to help doctors more quickly and accurately detect autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children.In a study led by the University of Waterloo, researchers characterized how children with ASD scan a person's face differently than a neuro-typical child. Based on the findings, the researchers were able to develop a technique that considers how a child with ASD gaze transitions from one part of a person's face to another.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusion This study contributes to scant knowledge of early communication phenotypes of infant ASIBs who do not meet criteria for ASD and infants with FXS. Results indicated that gesture function, not frequency, best discriminated at-risk infants from low-risk infants at 12 months of age. Findings have implications for the clinical evaluation and treatment of infants at high risk for ASD and communication disorders. PMID: 31251678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsModel-free DKI and its indices may represent a novel, objective method for detecting the disease severity and WM alterations in patients with ASD.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study compared the complex emotion recognition performance of adults with ASD (n = 23) and matched neurotypical participants (n = 25) using the Reading the Mind in Films Task. Behaviourally, both groups exhibited similar emotion recognition accuracy. Visual fixation time towards key social regions of each stimuli was examined via eye tracking. Individuals with ASD demonstrated significantly longer fixation time towards the non-social areas. No group differences were evident for the facial and body regions of all characters in the social scenes. The findings provide evidence of the heterogen...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
By Emma Young If you have healthy vision, there will be a specific region of your brain (in the visual cortex) that responds most strongly whenever you look at faces, and similar regions that are especially responsive to the sight of words or natural scenes. What’s more, in any two people, these face, word and scene regions are located in pretty much the same spot in the brain. However, there is not a specific region for every possible category of visible stimulus – there are no “car” or “shoe” regions, for example (at least, not that have been identified to date). Is that because c...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain Source Type: blogs
Abstract Objectives: The aim of cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between sensory processing patterns and dental fear among female undergraduates. Material and methods: Three hundred and ten female university students were included in the present study. Dental fear and sensory processing patterns were measured using the Dental Fear Survey and Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile with other possible confounders, respectively. Sensory processing patterns were categorized into sensory sensitivity, sensory avoidance, low registration and sensation seeking. We conducted structural equation modelling ...
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research
AbstractIndividuals with neurodevelopmental disorders, including Autism (ASD)  and intellectual disability (ID), have a right and need for appropriate sexuality and relationship education (SRE). These individuals often have the same desires as typically-developing people to express their sexuality and form intimate relationships; and may have an increased risk of sexual exp loitation and abuse. While there are various materials recommended for teaching SRE to these groups, there is a lack of empirical evaluation of such. A systematic review was carried out on peer-reviewed articles published in English between 19...
Source: Sexuality and Disability - Category: Disability Source Type: research
A joint research effort between the Washington University School of Medicine and University of North Carolina has received a $9.5 million grant to advance a study into whether brain imaging can detect autism risk in early infancy. Researchers in the Infant Brain Imaging Study are attempting to identify differences in the brain scans of infants at high risk of autism in the belief that they can give doctors a better chance at starting interventions earlier.  A first phase of the study involved…
Source: Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
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