Uropathogens and Antibiotic Resistance in the Community and Hospital-Induced Urinary Tract Infected Children

ConclusionsWe think that the most appropriate antibiotic to be chosen for the outpatients for empirical treatment in all age groups in our region, is as oral nitrofurantoin and parenteral amikacin. Also the appropriate parenteral antibiotics that should be selected for the empirical treatment of inpatients UTI in all age groups are the TZP, amikacin and carbapenems.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Swiss surveillance data confirm that resistance among uropathogenic E. coli isolates to nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin remains low. While resistance to 3rd/4th-generation cephalosporins also remains relatively low, it has been increasing and needs further surveillance. As for K. pneumoniae and P. mirabilis, high levels of susceptibility to 3rd-generation cephalosporins and quinolones were confirmed, while high prevalences of resistance to nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin discourage their use as first-line therapies for these pathogens.  . PMID: 31340052 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Swiss Medical Weekly - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Swiss Med Wkly Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis first detection of rmtG in E. hormaechei reinforces the ability to horizontal transfer. Location in complex genetic platforms carried by Tn3 transposons in IncA/C plasmids may facilitate dissemination to other Gram-negative pathogens and further limit the treatment options.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions: The genotyping allowed identifying the serogroup in many of the strains that could not be typed by traditional serology. The strains carried virulence genes and were multidrug-resistant in both, commensal and virulent phylogroups. Our findings revealed that, in addition to the classical UPEC serogroups, there are pathogenic serogroups not reported yet.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionWe observed high prescribing rates for amikacin and penicillins (+/-beta lactamase inhibitors) and prolonged intravenous treatments. E.coli appeared to be highly resistant to ampicillin, whilst 3rd generation cephalosporins exhibited higher in vitro efficacy. The establishment of antimicrobial stewardship programs and regular monitoring of antimicrobial resistance could help to minimise inappropriate prescribing for UTIs.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsInfection control priorities in hospitals should include prevention of surgical site infections, pneumonia, bloodstream infections and urinary tract infections. These results may help to delineate the requirements for infection prevention and control in acute care hospitals.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results provide knowledge of the phylogenetic of E. coli from bacteremia in Ecuadorian patients. ST131 has emerged in ESBL-E. coli which represents an important public health problem because this multi-resistant clone is considered to be a vehicle for the propagation of genes of resistance to antibiotics and a highly virulent, well-adapted pathogen in humans.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionTo our knowledge, this is the first report of genomic characterisation of NDM-1-producing E. cloacae and ESBL-producing E. coli co-isolated from a UTI in China. The two strains inhabiting in the same environment may allow the possibility of horizontal transfer of blaNDM-1 and blaCTX-M-27, making clinical treatment even difficult. This report also sheds light on geographically distinct Enterobacteriaceae strains from China enabling a comparative analysis of NDM-1- or ESBL-producing strains.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: New carbapenem/βLI combinations may be viable alternatives to antimicrobial combination therapy as they displayed high efficacy in vitro and in vivo. Meropenem/Avibactam and Meropenem/Relebactam should be tested on larger sample sizes with different carbapenemases before progressing further in its preclinical development. Introduction Carbapenem resistant Gram-negative bacteria have been gradually increasing in prevalence in recent years. In the United States, the latest CDC Antibiotic Resistance Threat Report indicates that Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CREs) are responsible for 9,000 a...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Background The emergency department (ED) lies between the inpatient and outpatient worlds. Varying rates of antimicrobial resistance along with the volume of patients presenting to the ED with potential urinary tract infections make empiric antibiotic selection difficult but vital. However, simply referring to the guidelines may neither optimize therapy nor mitigate resistance. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study comparing antimicrobial sensitivities of women from home, diagnosed with uncomplicated cystitis and discharged home, versus sensitivities of an institution-wide antibiogram between September 1, 2016...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In conclusion, we unraveled a mechanism of immune evasion of Kpn KPC ST258, which may contribute to design more effective strategies for the treatment of these multi-resistant bacterial infections. Introduction Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kpn) is a Gram-negative pathogen causing a wide range of infections from urinary tract infections to pneumonia. Kpn is a member of the so-called ESKAPE group of microorganisms, a term that emphasizes the fact that they effectively “escape” the effects of antibacterial drugs (1). Antimicrobial resistance is a significant problem for the treatment of infectious diseases caused ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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