Interleukin ‑33 expression in ovarian cancer and its possible suppression of peritoneal carcinomatosis.

In this study, we focused on the association between the tumor expression of IL‑33 and ovarian peritoneal carcinomatosis. We used an immunosufficient murine model of peritoneal carcinomatosis and human EOC samples. The overexpression of IL‑33 in the ID8 mouse EOC cell line tumors significantly prolonged the survival of immunocompetent mice in the peritoneal carcinomatosis setting, but not in the subcutaneous model. In addition, the silencing of IL‑33 in ID8‑T6 cells (subclone with high dissemination potential) significantly shortened the survival of the tumor‑bearing mice. This was likely due to the intratumoral accumulation of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, and a decrease in CD11b+Gr1+ cells. Furthermore, IL‑33 induced the intraperitoneal microenvironment favoring tumor elimination through the inhibition of differentiation into CD11b+Gr1+ cells. On the whole, the findings of this study suggest IL‑33 to be a cytokine that reflects antitumor peritoneal conditions. Further investigation of the antitumorigenic role of IL‑33 may aid in the development of more effective therapeutic approaches for the treatment of EOC with peritoneal carcinomatosis. PMID: 31322193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Int J Oncol Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWB-DWIBS/MRI is reliable to depict, quantify and to predict complete cytoreductive surgery in OC PC.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, these malignancies should be considered a single entity during treatment. IMPACT STATEMENT What is already known on this subject? Epithelial ovarian cancer is the second most common gynaecological cancer in women worldwide. There are different histological types including ovarian, tubal and peritoneal carcinomas in which malignant cells form in the tissue covering the ovary or lining the fallopian tube of peritoneum. Recent data have supported the view that these malignancies should be considered a single entity and should be treated the same way. What the results of this study add? In the present study, we ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
ConclusionInitial tumor load has not been found associated with PFS after complete surgery. Adipocytes-enriched areas and right mesocolic areas involvement were associated with poor prognosis in patients receiving primary debulking surgery. Larger-scale studies are needed to assess whether initial tumor load has a prognostic impact even after complete cytoreductive surgery is achieved.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conditions:   Malignant Ovarian Epithelial Tumor;   Platinum-Resistant Fallopian Tube Carcinoma;   Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Carcinoma;   Platinum-Resistant Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma;   Recurrent Fallopian Tube Carcinoma;   Recurrent Ovarian Carcinoma;   Recurrent Primary Peritonea l Carcinoma;   Refractory Fallopian Tube Carcinoma;   Refractory Ovarian Carcinoma;   Refractory Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma Interventions:   Drug: ...
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionThe frequency of BRCA mutation in high grade serous carcinoma was 25.7%, none was found in high grade endometrioid carcinoma. High cost, unavailability of genetic testing, limited number of geneticists, may be barriers in limited resource countries. Selected patients especially high grade serous carcinoma should be considered initially.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Ang WX, Li Z, Chi Z, Du SH, Chen C, Tay JC, Toh HC, Connolly JE, Xu XH, Wang S Abstract The epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is overexpressed in a wide variety of tumor types, including peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from gastrointestinal and gynecological malignancies. To develop a chimeric antigen receptor T (CART) cell therapy approach to treat patients with end-stage PC, we constructed third generation CARs specific to EpCAM using the 4D5MOC-B single chain variable fragment. CART cells were generated with lentiviral transduction and exhibited specific in vitro killing activity against EpCAM-po...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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