Interleukin ‑33 expression in ovarian cancer and its possible suppression of peritoneal carcinomatosis.

In this study, we focused on the association between the tumor expression of IL‑33 and ovarian peritoneal carcinomatosis. We used an immunosufficient murine model of peritoneal carcinomatosis and human EOC samples. The overexpression of IL‑33 in the ID8 mouse EOC cell line tumors significantly prolonged the survival of immunocompetent mice in the peritoneal carcinomatosis setting, but not in the subcutaneous model. In addition, the silencing of IL‑33 in ID8‑T6 cells (subclone with high dissemination potential) significantly shortened the survival of the tumor‑bearing mice. This was likely due to the intratumoral accumulation of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, and a decrease in CD11b+Gr1+ cells. Furthermore, IL‑33 induced the intraperitoneal microenvironment favoring tumor elimination through the inhibition of differentiation into CD11b+Gr1+ cells. On the whole, the findings of this study suggest IL‑33 to be a cytokine that reflects antitumor peritoneal conditions. Further investigation of the antitumorigenic role of IL‑33 may aid in the development of more effective therapeutic approaches for the treatment of EOC with peritoneal carcinomatosis. PMID: 31322193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Int J Oncol Source Type: research

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Authors: Auer RC, Sivajohanathan D, Biagi J, Conner J, Kennedy E, May T Abstract Objective: The purpose of the present review was to provide evidence-based guidance about the provision of cytoreductive surgery (crs) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (hipec) in the treatment of peritoneal cancers. Methods: The guideline was developed by the Program in Evidence-Based Care together with the Surgical Oncology Program at Ontario Health (Cancer Care Ontario) through a systematic review of relevant literature, patient- and caregiver-specific consultation, and internal and external reviews. Results: Re...
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
ng Yang Jen-Ruei Chen Debulking surgery followed by systemic chemotherapy—including three-weekly intravenous paclitaxel and carboplatin (GOG-158)—is the cornerstone for advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tubal, and peritoneal cancer (EOC) treatment. In this scenario, Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, cell types, completeness of surgery, lymph nodes (LN) status, adjuvant chemotherapy regimens, survival status, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) of 192 patients diagnosed as having stage IIIA1–IVB EOC over January 2008–December 2017 ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Elizabeth K. Lee, Zhenying Tan-Wasielewski, Carol Aghajanian, Robert L. Coleman, Jennifer Curtis, Michelle S. Hirsch, Ursula A. Matulonis, Lewis C. Cantley, Gordon B. Mills, L. Austin Doyle, Joyce F. LiuAbstractPlatinum-resistant, recurrent, high grade epithelial ovarian carcinoma remains challenging to treat. Chemotherapy produces limited responses with modest survival benefits in the treatment of recurrent disease. In this context, targeted therapies may improve upon conventional therapies. PI3K/AKT pathway alterations are fr...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., February 3, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today multiple data presentations from a robust solid tumor portfolio that will be featured at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary (ASCO GU) Cancers Symposium, taking place February 13-15 in San Francisco. Company-sponsored data presentations will include clinical results for ERLEADA® (apalutamide) and niraparib in prostate cancer; and BALVERSA™ (erdafitinib) in bladder cancer. “We are committed to improving outcomes in patients with prostate and bladder cancer where high unmet ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
AbstractMost women with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) suffer from peritoneal carcinomatosis upon first clinical presentation. Extensive peritoneal carcinomatosis has a poor prognosis and its pathophysiology is not well understood. Although treatment with systemic intravenous chemotherapy is often initially successful, peritoneal recurrences occur regularly. We hypothesized that insufficient or poorly-perfused microvasculature may impair the therapeutic efficacy of systemic intravenous chemotherapy but may also limit expansive and invasive growth characteristic of peritoneal EOC metastases. In 23 patients with advanced EO...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Metastasis - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data suggest that dose-dense weekly paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) combined with low-dose triweekly cisplatin (20 mg/m2) is a potentially effective and highly tolerable front-line treatment in advanced EOC, FTC, and PPSC. Randomized trials comparing the outcome of this regimen to other standard therapies for FIGO stage IIIC–IV EOC, FTC, and PPSC are warranted.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsWB-DWIBS/MRI is reliable to depict, quantify and to predict complete cytoreductive surgery in OC PC.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, these malignancies should be considered a single entity during treatment. IMPACT STATEMENT What is already known on this subject? Epithelial ovarian cancer is the second most common gynaecological cancer in women worldwide. There are different histological types including ovarian, tubal and peritoneal carcinomas in which malignant cells form in the tissue covering the ovary or lining the fallopian tube of peritoneum. Recent data have supported the view that these malignancies should be considered a single entity and should be treated the same way. What the results of this study add? In the present study, we ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
ConclusionInitial tumor load has not been found associated with PFS after complete surgery. Adipocytes-enriched areas and right mesocolic areas involvement were associated with poor prognosis in patients receiving primary debulking surgery. Larger-scale studies are needed to assess whether initial tumor load has a prognostic impact even after complete cytoreductive surgery is achieved.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conditions:   Malignant Ovarian Epithelial Tumor;   Platinum-Resistant Fallopian Tube Carcinoma;   Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Carcinoma;   Platinum-Resistant Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma;   Recurrent Fallopian Tube Carcinoma;   Recurrent Ovarian Carcinoma;   Recurrent Primary Peritonea l Carcinoma;   Refractory Fallopian Tube Carcinoma;   Refractory Ovarian Carcinoma;   Refractory Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma Interventions:   Drug: ...
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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