Substituting sedentary time with physical activity domains: An isotemporal substitution analysis in Chile

ConclusionReplacing SB not only with LTPA but also travel PA appears to be favorably associated with lower levels of obesity indicators. Walking and cycling as part of our travel PA may be a more feasible way of increasing PA levels than moderate or vigorous intensities PA in the overall population, at lower costs and environmentally friendly..
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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There is emerging evidence of a relationship between short sleep duration and poor quality of sleep with overweight and obesity. This has been clearly demonstrated in adults and there is increasing evidence of this relationship in children and adolescents. One area that needs more study is whether sleep patterns early in life are important for the development of subsequent obesity. This may be complicated because sleep in infants is more fragmented because it is interspersed with feedings. In this volume of The Journal, Tuohino et al report the results of their study that evaluated whether shorter sleep duration at 3 and 8...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research
Conditions:   Sleep Disorder;   Body Fat Distribution Intervention:   Device: Overnight polysomnography Sponsor:   St. Anne's University Hospital Brno, Czech Republic Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2019Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental HepatologyAuthor(s): Raseen Tariq, Page Axley, Ashwani K. SingalNonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the leading cause of chronic liver disease worldwide with a strong association with metabolic syndrome. NAFLD is truly a systemic disease and is associated with a plethora of extra-hepatic manifestations or comorbidities. These are either related to secondary effects of associated obesity or from pathophysiological effects of insulin resistance in NAFLD. Three most common causes of increased morbidity and mortality associa...
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Ov/Ob children had similar PRD to nOv/nOb children and were prone to repeat magnesium dosing. Previous hospitalization for exacerbation was positively associated with increasing BMI percentile. Additional research should investigate differential magnesium use by weight status, quantifying risks and benefits. PMID: 31411907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
Conditions:   Obesity, Childhood;   Binge Eating;   Sleep;   Self-regulation Intervention:   Behavioral: Sleep Restriction Sponsor:   The Miriam Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions:Prevalence of PH in pediatric patients with OSA is low and none of the patients with PH had severe OSA. Current guidelines recommend PH screening in patients with severe OSA, yet OSA severity may not accurately predict risk. Factors evaluated in this study did not demonstrate an increased PH risk; additional research is necessary to improve screening in pediatric patients with OSA.Citation:Burns AT, Hansen SL, Turner ZS, Aden JK, Black AB, Hsu DP. Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea and a cardiology evaluation: a retrospective analysis.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;1...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Study Objectives:To determine whether therapeutic positive airway pressure (PAP) level predicts response to hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HGNS) for obstructive sleep apnea using the coprimary outcomes of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and 4% oxygen desaturation index.Methods:Combined cohort study from two US sleep otolaryngology training programs. Subjects were adults with AHI> 15 events/h who underwent HGNS. Eligible subjects had diagnostic preoperative sleep studies, full-night efficacy postoperative studies and therapeutic PAP levels available for analysis. Low and high PAP groups were compared using thet test for conti...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract School-aged children (five to 12 years) are establishing patterns of behavior that may last a lifetime; therefore, during health maintenance visits, it is important to counsel families on healthy lifestyle practices. Children should eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, beans, fish, and lean meats, while limiting sugar, fast food, and highly processed foods. Children should engage in 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each day. A Family Media Use Plan should be used to individualize screen time limits and content for children. Nine to 12 h...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Abstract The goals of the health maintenance visit in school-aged children (five to 12 years) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. During the visit, the physician should address patient and parent/caregiver concerns and ask about emergency department or hospital care since the last visit; lifestyle habits (diet, physical activity, daily screen time, secondhand smoke exposure, hours of sleep per night, dental care, safety habits); and school performance. Poor school performance may indicate problems such as learning disabilities, attention-deficit/hyp...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
The  app and coaching service has been relaunched with new tools that address kids'and teens'stress and sleep habits alongside their diets.
Source: mobihealthnews - Category: Information Technology Source Type: news
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