Level of motor, sensory and functional impairment from stroke at admission and hospital discharge in Brazil.

Level of motor, sensory and functional impairment from stroke at admission and hospital discharge in Brazil. Brain Inj. 2019 Jul 19;:1-6 Authors: Medeiros CSP, Pacheco TBF, Cavalcanti FADC, Cacho RO, Bezerra AMDS Abstract Primary Objective: To compare the level of motor, sensory and functional impairment of individuals hospitalized in a stroke unit in Brazil at the time of admission and the profile observed at hospital discharge. Design: Observational and longitudinal outcome study. Methods and Procedure: We assessed 41 patients with ischemic stroke at admission and hospital discharge by using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Fugl-Meyer Physical Performance Scale (FM), Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and divided in the group that received or not the thrombolytic therapy. Were used wilcoxon and spearman tests. Results: Significant differences were found between admission and hospital discharge assessment (p
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

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Abstract Background and Objectives: Ischaemic stroke (IS) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. All stages of cerebral ischaemia, but especially acute phase, are associated with inflammatory response. Recent studies showed that neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) may be used to assess inflammation in IS. To test whether there is a relationship between these parameters and type of stroke treatment, we analysed NLR and LMR in IS patients treated with three different modalities. Materials and Methods: The study included 58 adults with acute IS. A total of 28 p...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Natan M Bornstein, Jeffrey L Saver, Hans Christoph Diener, Philip B Gorelick, Ashfaq Shuaib, Yoram Solberg, Lisa Thackeray, Milan Savic, Tamar Janelidze, Natia Zarqua, David Yarnitsky, Carlos A Molina, Ashfaq Shuaib, Michael Hill, Daniel Vaclavik, David Skoloudik, Jan Fiksa, Grethe Andersen, Pekka Jakala, Turgut TatlisumakSummaryBackgroundSphenopalatine ganglion stimulation increased cerebral collateral blood flow, stabilised the blood–brain barrier, and reduced infarct size, in preclinical models of acute ischaemic stroke, and showed potentia...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Pre-hospital triage algorithms for AIS patients that only take into account the nearest CSC and the nearest PSC as transport destinations may be unable to identify the optimal transport destination for a significant proportion of patients. Introduction Background International guidelines recommend early administration of intravenous thrombolysis for eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS); in addition, patients with proximal large vessel occlusion (LVO) should receive mechanical thrombectomy (MT) as quickly as possible (1). As the clinical benefit of both thrombolysis (2–4) and MT (5&nda...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2019Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Tomohiko Ozaki, Hajime Nakamura, Haruhiko KishimaAbstractStroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability globally. Although thrombolytic therapy by t-PA and mechanical thrombectomy have improved outcomes of ischemic stroke patients, both of these approaches are applicable to limited numbers of patients owing to their time constraints. Therefore, development of other treatment approaches such as developing neuroprotective drugs and nerve regeneration therapy is required to overcome ischemic stroke. The concept of the ne...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of severe disability and death. In clinical settings, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) for thrombolytic therapy is the only globally approved drug for the treatment of ischemic stroke. However, the proportion of patients who receive t-PA therapy is extremely limited due to its narrow therapeutic time window (TTW) and the risk of cerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is also a serious problem for patients' outcomes. Hence, the development of more effective therapies has been desired to prolong the TTW of t-PA and prevent cerebral I/R...
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
Abstract The prevalence of stroke is high in both developing and developed nations. It causes a heavy social and financial burden to the sufferers and their caregivers. Thrombolytic therapy is the only pharmacological treatment available for stroke. However, thrombolytic agents do not provide substantial improvement on long term motor and cognitive disabilities. Thus, there is a need to explore for new compounds that can halt or reverse the deterioration of neurons in the stroke patients' brain. Polydatin, a precursor of resveratrol, is a natural stilbene commonly found in food. This review article describes how d...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide, and the majority of the cases are ischemic stroke. However, it still lacks effective treatment except for thrombolytic therapy in an extre...
Source: Clinical Epigenetics - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Thrombolytic therapy in patients with pre-existing disability presenting with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is controversial because of concerns regarding poor outcomes and futility of treatment. We hypothesized that a similar proportion of patients with and without pre-existing disability would return to their premorbid functional status following thrombolysis.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29953716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: J Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
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