Correction of a patient's micronutrient status prior to sleeve gastrectomy could be useful in preventing early postoperative micronutrient deficiencies: A retrospective comparative study
Publication date: August 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 29, Issue 8Author(s): Luigi Schiavo, Vincenzo Pilone
An 82-year-old male, with a history of bowel cancer with partial colectomy, gastroesophageal reflux disease, remote partial gastrectomy for peptic ulcer disease, and no documented prior kidney disease, presents with several months of fatigue and subacute decline in kidney function. He had no history of diabetes, hypertension, kidney stones, or prior urinary tract infections. He denied use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, herbal medications, and recent antibiotics. There was no family history of renal disease.
ConclusionPortomesenteric venous thrombosis is an uncommon yet potentially fatal complication of bariatric surgery. A high index of suspicion, early diagnosis and subsequent adequate management is required. Based on this case series and the potential risk of portomesenteric venous thrombosis, we altered our clinical practice to include a 1 week course of low molecular weight heparin to be administered to all patients after discharge.
DISCUSSIONThe routine use of upper GI endoscopy in preoperative evaluation of bariatric surgery patients still remains controversialCONCLUSİONUpper GI endoscopy is very important in determining various gastric pathologies and determining the most appropriate surgical method before bariatric surgery.
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Takahiro Karasuno, Hiroshi Sata, Yuri Noda, Masami Imakita, Masato YasumiAbstractInvasive candidiasis remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with underlying diseases. Here, we report a case of gastric perforation due to Candia glabrata infection in a 74-year-old-male with Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) who received long-term corticosteroid treatment of hemophagocytic syndrome associated with acute cholecystitis. Total gastrectomy was performed, and he was treated liposomal amphotericin B. The patient was extubat...
Endoscopy DOI: 10.1055/a-0985-4023 © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Full text
DiscussionWe suggest an open gastrectomy with roux-en-Y anastomosis as an alternative to the Nissen fundoplication for patients with connective tissue disease that develop terminal pulmonary consequences and require a lung transplant.
CONCLUSIONS: The superiority of laparoscopic gastrectomy towards the open technique is widely accepted, yet the proven acceptance of minimally invasive robotic techniques is still debated and not scientifically established. Technical challenges are the main point of discussion among the experts on the field, as well as the advantages of laparoscopic and robotic assisted gastrectomy over the conventional open. This review provides a comparison on technical aspects, the short and long term outcomes of open and minimally invasive gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy in early and advanced gastric cancer. PMID: 31424638 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Although a technically demanding and time-consuming procedure, LGD2 offers the advantages of minimal invasion and can achieve the same degree of radical resections, harvested lymph nodes and short- or long-term prognosis for the treatment of locally AGC. PMID: 31424636 [PubMed - in process]
Acyl-ghrelin administration increases food intake, body weight, and blood glucose. In contrast, mice lacking ghrelin or ghrelin receptors (GHSRs) exhibit life-threatening hypoglycemia during starvation-like conditions, but do not consistently exhibit overt metabolic phenotypes when given ad libitum food access. These results, and findings of ghrelin resistance in obese states, imply nutritional state dependence of ghrelin’s metabolic actions. Here, we hypothesized that liver-enriched antimicrobial peptide-2 (LEAP2), a recently characterized endogenous GHSR antagonist, blunts ghrelin action during obese states and pos...
In gastrectomy, postoperative elevation of C-reactive protein (CRP) is thought to be useful for predicting complications. Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) is less invasive than laparotomy and the elevation of CRP...