The first reported case of colonic infection caused by Candida glabrata.
We present the first documented case of candida colitis caused by Candida Glabrata in a 56-year-old man with a personal history of morbid obesity and bariatric surgery. The presenting symptoms were diarrhea, rectal bleeding and septic shock. Diagnosis was obtained by histological and microbiological study of the colonoscopy biopsies. Gastroenterologists should be aware of Candida as a cause of colonic infection. Fungal culture is the key to identify specific Candida species and lead to an appropriate antifungal therapy. PMID: 31317758 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to reveal whether and how GLN would modulate FGF21 production in relation to metabolism. With in vivo model of normal diet (ND) and high-fat diet (HFD) mice receiving GLN injection and in vitro model of mouse AML12 liver cells and differentiated 3T3L1 adipocytes challenged with GLN, GLN appeared to improve the glucose metabolism in HFD and ND mice and to elevate FGF21 protein expression in HFD liver and to increase both FGF21 protein and mRNA levels in WAT from HFD and ND mice and it also upregulated FGF21 expression in both AML12 and differentiated 3T3L1 cells. By using inhibitors against variou...
In this study, we showed that hyper-O-GlcNAcylation reduced the expression of myogenin, a transcription factor critical for terminal muscle development, in C2C12 myoblasts differentiation by O-GlcNAcylation on Thr9 of myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2c. Furthermore, we showed that O-GlcNAcylation on Mef2c inhibited its DNA binding affinity to myogenin promoter. Taken together, we demonstrated that hyper-O-GlcNAcylation attenuates skeletal muscle differentiation by increased O-GlcNAcylation on Mef2c, which downregulates its DNA binding affinity. PMID: 32736694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In this study, we observed that (EX-4)2-Fc also has anti-inflammatory functions in adipose tissue. After the treatment of diet-induced obesity (DIO) mice with (EX-4)2-Fc, we found that the inflammatory response in adipose tissue was significantly attenuated. (Ex-4)2-Fc can reduce obesity-associated proinflammatory cytokine levels and macrophage numbers in DIO mice. In addition, (EX-4)2-Fc treatment resulted in proinflammatory M1-type macrophages beginning to transform into anti-inflammatory M2-type macrophages. The inflammatory mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-&kappa...
Publication date: Available online 1 August 2020Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Luisa F. Sánchez-Peralta, Luis Bote-Curiel, Artzai Picón, Francisco M. Sánchez-Margallo, J. Blas Pagador
Publication date: Available online 1 August 2020Source: Reproductive BioMedicine OnlineAuthor(s): J Hutchison, T T Truong, L A Salamonsen, D K Gardner, J Evans
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2020Source: Cirugía Española (English Edition)Author(s): José Luis Rodicio Miravalles, Josefina Alonso Fernández, María Moreno Gijón, Amaya Rizzo Ramos, Estrella Turienzo Santos, Lourdes Sanz Álvarez, José Ignacio Rodríguez García, Juan José González González
ConclusionsThe overlap of people with IFG, IGT and elevated HbA1c is small, and some factors are associated with only one criterion. Knowledge on sociodemographic and socioeconomic risk factors can be used to effectively target interventions to people at high risk for type 2 diabetes.
Abstract The global incidence of sepsis is increasing, and mortality remains high. The mortality is even higher in resource-poor countries where facilities and equipment are limited. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) recommends an updated hour-1 bundle based on the evidence from the International Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock 2018. To reduce mortality from sepsis, compliance with the "bundle" is essential. Data from developing countries like Sri Lanka on the management of sepsis according to the SSC guidelines are not available. Hence, this study looks at the patient characterist...