Mechanism of Hydrogen Sulfide Preconditioning-Associated Protection Against Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Differs in Diabetic Heart That Develops Myopathy.

Mechanism of Hydrogen Sulfide Preconditioning-Associated Protection Against Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Differs in Diabetic Heart That Develops Myopathy. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2019 Jul 17;: Authors: Ansari M, Kurian GA Abstract Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is reported to be effective in the management of the myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury via PI3K/GSK3β pathway in normal rats. However, its efficacy against I/R in the presence of diabetic cardiomyopathy is relatively obscure. Thus, the present work aimed to find out H2S-mediated cardioprotection against I/R in diabetic cardiomyopathy and to evaluate its mode of action using Langendorff isolated heart perfusion system. The present work includes three groups of rat, viz. (i) normal, (ii) diabetes mellitus (DM: streptozotocin: 35 mg/kg; normal diet), and (iii) diabetes + high-fat diet (DCM) (streptozotocin: 35 mg/kg; high-fat diet). The effect of NaHS (an H2S donor; 20 µM) on cardiac function in isolated rat hearts demonstrates that H2S preconditioning (HIPC) significantly attenuated myocardial injury in both DM and DCM hearts, as evidenced by the (i) improvement in hemodynamics, which includes rate pressure product [(in mmHg × 103 × bpm) DM: 40 to 56; DCM: 21 to 58] and left ventricular developed pressure [(in mmHg) DM: 53 to 74; DCM: 28 to 74), (ii) reduction in infarct size (25% to 8%) and attenuated caspase activity, co...
Source: Cardiovascular Toxicology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc Toxicol Source Type: research

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Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become an increasingly common disease with high disability and mortality rates. Diabetes complications are the main cause of diabetes death and about 50% of diabetic patients died from heart disease in developed countries reported by World Health Organization. Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) has been considered as a high incidence and serious complication of DM and plays a key role in the incidence and development of diabetes related heart failure. Metabolism dysregulation is regarded as an important and earlier factor occurred in the pathogenesis of DCM. Insulin resistance, oxida...
Source: Current Protein and Peptide Science - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Protein Pept Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results indicate that insulin effectively suppresses left ventricular cardiomyocyte ultrastructural damage, which substantially slows down the progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy for 8 weeks in a rat model of T1DM, possibly due to the glycemic control and inhibition of dyslipidemia, OxS and inflammation.Pharmacology
Source: Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, FGF21 belongs to a promising class of cytokines that are induced in response to stress and that can be used as a drug, drug target, or through a biomarker, depending on the physio-pathological context. All these findings will become clear when FGF21 will be used as a therapeutic molecule, exploiting the beneficial effects of FGF21 for treating metabolic disease or when it will be blocked to ameliorate disease progression and the onset of disease. Author Contributions CT and MS wrote the manuscript. VR contributed to the discussion. Funding This work was supported from the AFM-Telethon (19524), Italian Mi...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Myocardial energy metabolism is a complex process, which consists of a network of biochemical reactions and pathways. The initial stage is energy substrate utilization due to its uptake and metabolism as well as following participation of intermediates in TCA cycle. Then mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation enables generation of ATP molecules, and finally, the creatine kinase system transports ATP from mitochondria to the sarcomeres. In the light of the foregoing evidence, metabolism of the heart subjected to pressure overload may be disturbed in all of this areas. In spite of differences among humans and an...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Bartolo Ferraro1,2, Maria Donniacuo3, Loredana Sodano3, Franca Ferraraccio4, Rosa Maisto3, Eliana Gulotta5, Gorizio Pieretti6, Michele D’Amico3*, Maria Consiglia Trotta3 and Barbara Rinaldi3 1Institute for Cardiovascular Prevention (IPEK), Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany 2DZHK, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany 3Department of Experimental Medicine, Pharmacology Division, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy 4Department of Clinical, Public and Preventive Medicine, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy 5Departm...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion Activation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant system plays an important role in cell defense against oxidative stress damage, whereas the insufficiency of the Nrf2 system is associated with multiple aspects of the genesis and progression of metabolic diseases, posing a great risk to the cardiovascular system (Figure 1). The systemic increase of Nrf2 activity by several activators may be beneficial in the treatment of metabolic diseases. In addition, selective upregulation of Nrf2 genes may represent a potential therapy in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Looking to the future, experimental research that el...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractMitochondrial tRNAs are responsible for more than half of pathogenic point mutations in the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA). Different mutations give rise to widely differing phenotypes, ranging from isolated organ-specific diseases to multisystem conditions. Herein, we report a 40-year-old woman presenting with a complex multisystem phenotype including sensorineural hearing loss, retinopathy, severe dilated cardiomyopathy, non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, and renal failure. Sequence analysis of mtDNA identified the m.5522G>A mutation inMT-TW, the gene encoding mitochondrial tRNA for tryptophan. The heterop...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), which occurs in 1/50000 live births, is the most prevalent inherited neuromuscular disorder. Nearly all FRDA patients develop cardiomyopathy at some point in their lives. The clinical manifestations of FRDA include ataxia of the limbs and trunk, dysarthria, diabetes mellitus, and cardiac diseases. However, the broad clinical spectrum makes FRDA difficult to identify. The diagnosis of FRDA is based on the presence of suspicious clinical factors, the use of the Harding criteria and, more recently, the use of genetic testing for identifying the expansion of a triplet nucleotide se...
Source: World Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: World J Cardiol Source Type: research
Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) and heart failure (HF) are frequent comorbidities among elderly patients. HF, a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, is characterized by sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is rapidly growing and the risk of developing HF is higher among DM patients. DM is responsible for several macro- and micro-angiopathies that contribute to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral artery disease, retinopathy, neuropathy and diabetic nephropathy (DN) as well. Independently of CAD, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and DM...
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Abstract Earlier literature underlines that oxidative stress plays a major role in the pathology of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), diabetes mellitus (DM), fibrosis and hypertrophy which could adversely affect the normal cardiac function. However, the contributory role of oxidative stress in I/R pathology of heart with pre-existing abnormalities or diseases like DM and DCM remains to be explored. I/R injury was induced in normal (normal diet), DM (normal diet + streptozotocin: multiple low dose of 30mg/kg) and DCM (high fat diet (40% fat) + streptozotocin: multiple low ...
Source: Free Radical Biology and Medicine - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Free Radic Biol Med Source Type: research
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