Intraepithelial neutrophils in mammary, urinary and gall bladder infections

AbstractNeutrophil mobilization is a crucial response to protect the host against invading microorganisms. Neutrophil recruitment and removal have to be tightly regulated to prevent uncontrolled inflammation and excessive release of their toxic content causing tissue damage and subsequent organ dysfunctions. We show here the presence of live and apoptotic neutrophils in the cytoplasm of inflamed mammary, urinary and gall bladder epithelial cells following infection withE. coli and Salmonella bacteria. The entry process commenced with adherence of transmigrated neutrophils to the apical membrane of inflamed epithelial cells. Next, nuclear rearrangement and elongation associated with extensive actin polymerization enabled neutrophils to crawl and invaginate the apical membrane into cytoplasmic double membrane compartments. Scission of the invaginated cell membrane from the entry point and loss of these surrounding membranes released intracellular neutrophils into the cytoplasm where they undergone apoptotic death. The co-occurrence of this observation with bacterial invasion and formation of intracellular bacterial communities (IBCs) might link entry of infected neutrophils to the formation of IBCs and chronic carriage inE. coli mastitis and cystitis and Salmonella cholecystitis.
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods, Volume 167Author(s): Shuai Zhi, Jonas Szelewicki, Kim Ziebell, Brendon Parsons, Linda Chui
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract The study investigated the efficacy of two GRAS-status phytochemicals, mega-resveratrol (RV) and naringenin (NG) to inactivate Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC) in apple cider. A five-strain mixture of EHEC (∼7 log CFU/ml) was inoculated into cider, followed by the addition of RV (8.7 mM and 13.0 mM) or NG (7.3 mM and 11.0 mM). The cider samples were stored at 4 °C for 14 days and EHEC was enumerated on days 0,1,5,7 and 14. The deleterious effects of RV and NG on EHEC cells were visualized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and RT-qPCR was done to determine the effect of phytochemicals...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
This study investigated the effect of drying on membrane lipid oxidation and stx expression in E. coli. Lipid peroxidation was probed with C11-BODIPY581/591; and stx expression was assayed by quantification of GFP in E. coli O104:H4 Δstx2a:gfp:ampr. Treatment of E. coli with H2O2 oxidized the probe; probe oxidation was also observed after drying and rehydration. Lipid oxidation and the lethality of drying were reduced when cells were dried with trehalose under anaerobic condition; in addition, viability and probe oxidation differed between E. coli AW1.7 and E. coli AW1.7Δcfa. Desiccation tolerance thus relates ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
Abstract Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica are foodborne pathogens with major public health concern in the U.S. These pathogens utilize several virulence factors to initiate infections in humans. The antimicrobial effect of seven glucosinolate hydrolysis compounds against Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 was investigated by the disc diffusion assay. Among the tested compounds, benzyl isothiocyanate (BIT), which exerted the highest antimicrobial activity, was evaluated for its anti-virulence properties against these pathogens. The effect of BIT on motility of Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 and Shiga to...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
Plant variety and soil type influence Escherichia coli O104:H4 strain C227/11ϕcu adherence to and internalization into the roots of lettuce plants. Food Microbiol. 2020 Apr;86:103316 Authors: Eissenberger K, Drissner D, Walsh F, Weiss A, Schmidt H Abstract Human disease outbreaks caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli are increasingly associated with the consumption of contaminated fresh produce. Internalization of enteroaggregative/enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EAEC/EHEC) strains into plant tissues may present a serious threat to public health. In the current study, the ability of the fluorescing Shiga ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
, Magnani M Abstract The effects of the incorporation of the essential oils from Origanum vulgare L. (OVEO; 0.07 μL/g) and Rosmarinus officinalis L. (ROEO; 2.65 μL/g) in combination in Minas Frescal cheese on the counts of the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 and Escherichia coli O157:H7 were evaluated during refrigerated storage (7 ± 0.5 °C). The terpenes of OVEO and ROEO, survival of the probiotic strain during in vitro digestion, as well as the physicochemical and sensory aspects were also monitored in Minas Frescal cheese. All terpenes decreased in cheese when the storage tim...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
C, Pérez-Rodríguez F Abstract This work aimed to study the effect of the combination of Sodium hypochlorite, the most used disinfectant by the vegetable industry, with a natural antimicrobial, benzyl-isothiocyanate (BITC), considering cutting surface and contact time, on the reduction of Salmonella in fresh-cut produce in washing operations under typical industrial conditions. Overall, the combinations of disinfectant and process parameters resulted in a mean reduction of Salmonella of 2.5 log CFU/g. According to statistical analysis, free chlorine and BITC concentrations, contact time and cut size ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
In this study, 10 chicken carcasses were randomly sampled from before and after scalding, before and after immersion chilling, and after air chilling each through a modern commercial processing line, along with the contents of 10 caeca. The sampled processing line effectively reduced the bacterial counts by > 4.6 Log10 CFU/ml for each of Total Viable Counts, Escherichia coli and Campylobacter. However, the metagenomics results suggested that Lactobacillus, Staphylococcus and unclassified Lachnospiraceae persisted at all sampling stages. Pseudomonas, Paeniglutamicibacter, Chryseobacterium and Pseudarthrobacter comp...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
The objectives of the current study were to investigate: i) the effectiveness of 10 plant essential oil extracts on the viability of Salmonella spp. using disc diffusion ii) the antimicrobial activity of the most effective oils against Salmonella spp. in commercial or 10% w/v hydrated tahini (tahini-based product model) stored at 37, 25 and 10 °C for 28 d and iii) the effect of the addition of essential oil extracts on the sensory acceptability of tahini and hydrated tahini. Among the tested essential oils, thyme (TO) and cinnamon oil (CO) showed the highest antimicrobial activity against tested Salmonella spp. at ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
We examined 252 rectal swabs obtained from 134 roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), 97 red deer (Cervus elaphus) and 21 fallow deer (Dama dama) in north-eastern Poland. The samples were enriched in modified buffered peptone water. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays were conducted to determine the virulence profile of stx1, stx2 and eae or aggR genes, to identify the subtypes of stx1 and stx2 genes, and to perform O and H serotyping. E. coli O157:H7 isolates were detected in the rectal swabs collected from 1/134 roe deer (0.75%) and 4/97 red deer (4.1%), and they were not detected in fallow deer (Dama dama). The remaining E....
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
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