Additional Use of Synovial Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation Following Surgical Repair of a Complex Degenerative Tear of the Medial Meniscus of the Knee: A Case Report.

Additional Use of Synovial Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation Following Surgical Repair of a Complex Degenerative Tear of the Medial Meniscus of the Knee: A Case Report. Cell Transplant. 2019 Jul 17;:963689719863793 Authors: Sekiya I, Koga H, Otabe K, Nakagawa Y, Katano H, Ozeki N, Mizuno M, Horie M, Kohno Y, Katagiri K, Watanabe N, Muneta T Abstract Complex degenerative tears of the medial meniscus in the knee are usually treated using meniscectomy. However, this procedure increases the risk of osteoarthritis, while other treatments aimed at meniscal repair remain challenging due to the high possibility of failure. The use of synovial mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is an attractive additional approach for meniscal repair, as these cells have high proliferative and chondrogenic potential. In this case report, we surgically repaired a complex degenerative tear of the medial meniscus and then transplanted autologous synovial MSCs. We evaluated clinical outcomes at 2 years and assessed adverse events. We enrolled patients with clinical symptoms that included a feeling of instability in addition to pain caused by their complex degenerative tears of the medial meniscus. Two weeks after surgical repair of the torn meniscus, autologous synovial MSCs were transplanted onto the menisci of five patients. The total Lysholm knee score, the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scale scores for "pain," "daily living," "sports activities,&q...
Source: Cell Transplantation - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research

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In conclusion, with study of the frailty syndrome still in its infancy, frailty analysis remains a major challenge. It is a challenge that needs to be overcome in order to shed light on the multiple mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this syndrome. Although several mechanisms contribute to frailty, immune system alteration seems to play a central role: this syndrome is characterized by increased levels of pro-inflammatory markers and the resulting pro-inflammatory status can have negative effects on various organs. Future studies should aim to better clarify the immune system alteration in frailty, and seek to esta...
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Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
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