Investigating the intra- and inter-rater reliability of a panel of subjective and objective burn scar measurement tools

ConclusionThe objective scar measures demonstrated acceptable to excellent intra- and inter-rater reliability and performed better than the subjective scar scales.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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We examined the expression of TRPV1 in peripheral tissue and DRG neurons of CPIP model rats and we studied whether CPIP model could induce peripheral sensitization of TRPV1 channel and enhance DRG neuron excitability. Then we examined the therapeutic effects of locally applied TRPV1 specific antagonist AMG9810 on pain responses of CPIP model rats. Lastly, we explored the effects of AMG9810 on DRG neuron hyperexcitability and spinal glial activation induced by CPIP. Our results demonstrate that TRPV1 plays an important role in mediating the behavioral hypersensitivity of CPIP model rats via promoting peripheral nociceptor a...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aims to describe the frequency of scar-related morbidity for up to 2 years after injury and to analyze the impact of burn scars on long-term functional, psychosocial, and reintegration outcomes. METHODS: Analysis was conducted on data collected between January 2006 and May 2014 from 960 patients (2440 anatomic burn sites) using the Burn Model System (BMS) database. Study population demographics were analyzed and odds ratios for the development of raised or thick scarring were determined. Regression analyses were used to evaluate the impact of hypertrophic scarring (HTS) on psychosocial outcomes, including t...
Source: Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Plast Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionPain and itch after burn injuries are predicted by slightly different variables, presumably secondary to different underlying mechanisms. We conclude that age, sex (female), extent of burn injuries (total body surface area %), and injuries to the face/neck predict itching of greater severity. Patients with burn injuries that match these parameters would require greater care and closer follow up to reduce itching after healing.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
We report four children who were playing with fig tree leaves during a family picnic. They were referred to a burn center with second-degree burn in about 10% of total body surface area, due to phytophotodermatitis. Most people are not aware of the potential adverse effect of the plant. The improvement in general knowledge about the dangers of contacting fig tree leaves and sap and the benefits of suitable coverage at the time of harvesting or contacting fig tree may prevent such adverse effects.
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2018Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Aurore Thibaut, Emily A. Ohrtman, Leon Morales-Quezada, Laura C. Simko, Colleen M. Ryan, Ross Zafonte, Jeffrey C. Schneider, Felipe FregniAbstractIt is still unclear whether chronic neuropathic pain and itch share similar neural mechanisms. They are two of the most commonly reported challenges following a burn injury and can be some of the most difficult to treat. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has previously been studied as a method to modulate pain related neural circuits. Therefore, we aimed to test the effects of tD...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Comparing between the groups treated with silver-based gel and fusidic acid cream, the authors found no inferiority in the outcomes or the prevalence of any complaints, and a superior effect on the prevention of wound itch using a silver-based gel. PMID: 30260319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
Hand burns are unique in their functional, aesthetic and emotional impact on patients. Measuring the progress of a patient's ability to carry out essential and desired tasks, their emotional state, interaction with society as well as scar, pain and itch as...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 27 August 2018Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Sarah E. Bache, Edmund Fitzgerald O’Connor, Paul J.H. Drake, Bruce Philp, Peter DziewulskiAbstractHand burns are unique in their functional, aesthetic and emotional impact on patients. Measuring the progress of a patient’s ability to carry out essential and desired tasks, their emotional state, interaction with society as well as scar, pain and itch as their burn heals, has until now relied on the use of a combination of several different tools. We have developed a questionnaire specifically to address the multiple different aspects of the...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2018Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Vetrichevvel Palanivelu, Siaavash Maghami, Hilary J. Wallace, Dulharie Wijeratne, Fiona M. Wood, Mark W. FearAbstractBurn scars can be associated with significant loss of cutaneous sensation, paresthesia and chronic pain. Long-term systemic changes in cutaneous innervation may contribute to these symptoms and dorsal root ganglia have been implicated in the development of chronic neuropathic pain. Therefore we hypothesized that changes in cutaneous innervation after burn injury may be mediated at the level of the dorsal root ganglia. Burn group rats (n&n...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the maturation trajectory of post-burn hypertrophic scars in a 6-month monitored pressure therapy intervention programme and investigate the difference in the trajectory between patients receiving early intervention and patients receiving late intervention.MethodsThirty-four patients with sixty-five post-burn hypertrophic scar samples were recruited for the study. All the subjects were treated with a 6-month pressure therapy programme with the pressure dosage regulated using a newly developed pressure therapy system, the Smart Pressure Monitored Suits. The selected scars were assessed with MiniS...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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