How Will We Lead? Nursing Actions to Reduce Health Impact of Addiction

Harm, chronic illness, family disruption, disparate healthcare and escalating costs. These issues together describe the effect of substance use on the health of people, children, families, communities, organizations and the nation. In 2017, drug overdose killed 70,237 people, with 47,600 deaths involving opioids [National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), 2019]. Costs (e.g. health care, lost productivity) related to illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco exceed $740 billion annually (NIDA, 2017). Incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), also called neonatal opioid withdraw syndrome (NOWS), rose from 1.5 to 8.0 per 1000 babies between 2004 and 2014 (Winkleman, Villapiano, Kozhimannil et al., 2018).
Source: Nursing Outlook - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research

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A  letter to the editor in the August 14 New England Journal of Medicine by researchers at the University of Michigan proudly reported on the results of their effort, called the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative (MSQC), to reduce the volume of opioids prescribed for postoperative pain. The Collaborative developed a set of guidelines for its participating prescribers.As a result, they found that from January 2017 through May 2018, the mean number of pills prescribed for postoperative pain decreased from 26 (+/-2) pills pre-guideline to 18 (+/ – 3) pills post-guideline. Patient pill consumption also dec...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
In the wake of dramatic increases, and demographic shifts, in the misuse of heroin and prescription opioids, drug addiction and accidental overdose have been increasingly framed as public health, not criminal justice, matters in the United States. In turn,...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Abstract Endogenous opioids are neuro-peptides with multifunctional properties. Historically, opioids are used to mediate pain; however, excess opiate consumption can lead to addiction. One endogenous opioid, methionine enkephalin (MENK), was reported to modulate cell growth, MENK was identified as an opioid growth factor (OGF) that interacts with the OGF receptor (OGFr) and regulates cell proliferation. Further, opioid antagonists, including naltrexone and naloxone are widely used to reverse drug and alcohol overdoses. Naltrexone (NTX) acts on all opioid receptors, blocking the interaction between OGF and OGFr, a...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
With  clear evidence that restricting the number of prescriptions increased the death rate by driving non-medical users to heroin and fentanyl, the last thing one wants to hear about is a politician planning to double down on this deadly policy by calling for further prescription limits for patients in pain.Yet Senator Robert Portman (R-OH) is  proposing legislation that would impose a national 3-day limit on opioid prescriptions following surgeries. He will be kind enough to allow exceptions for people dealing with cancer, chronic pain, and “other serious matters”—whatever that means....
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
When using drugs or alcohol, you may start to find that you need to keep using more to get high than you did when you first started. When a couple of glasses of wine used to get you plenty drunk, you’re finding that you need a full bottle or even more. This is called building tolerance and can cause some damaging effects to the body, including leading to addiction and death. Using More to Get High: Building Tolerance According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, tolerance occurs when the person no longer responds to the drug in the way that person initially responded. Stated another way, it takes a higher dose ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Alcohol Alcoholism Drug Treatment Substance Abuse alcohol addiction alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol disorder drug addiction drug addiction recovery drug addiction treatment Source Type: blogs
A study published last month in the peer-reviewed journal  Addiction by researchers at the British Columbia Centre for Disease Control and the British Columbia Centre on Substance Use found that harm reduction strategies were responsible for the province ’s opioid-related overdose death rate being less than half of what it otherwise would have been between April 2016 and December 2017.The researchers noted that 77 percent of opioid-related overdose deaths during that time frame involved illicit fentanyl. Vancouver has long been a major port of entry for fentanyl and fentanyl analogs, produced in China and o...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Addiction is a chronic condition that leads to overdose and death. Addiction ruins lives, families and devastates communities. If you are suffering from addiction, it can be normal to ask yourself hard questions such as, “will I suffer from addiction forever? Is there a cure for addiction?” While there is no magic wand that can cure addiction, it is a treatable condition. When addiction is treated, people can go on to live normal, happy, healthy lives. While addiction may cause a lot of destruction and fractured relationships in its path, people can repair and move on from them as well. The Cure for Addiction:...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Complementary Therapies Comprehensive behavioral treatment Healthy Eating and Recovery Mental Health Sober Living and Aftercare Substance Abuse addicted to alcohol addiction help addiction recovery programs Source Type: blogs
You're reading The Impact of the Media’s Glamorization of Drug Abuse on Mental Health, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. We often hear about celebrities with addictions from various news outlets. Addiction and mental health issues can affect anyone. In fact, about 19% of all U.S. adults have dealt or are currently dealing with a mental illness, according to a national survey held by SAMHSA in 2017. The Role of Media in Drug Abuse It has been shown that the media contributes to the stigma of m...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: depression internet culture psychology self education self improvement celebrities with addictions celebrity overdoses role of media in drug abuse songs about drugs Source Type: blogs
Am I Addicted to Drugs? Drug abuse can affect all people from any walk of life. Chances are, you have stopped and thought about whether or not your drug use has turned into an addiction. Whether you have been prescribed medication, have fallen into drugs through partying or have been surrounded by drugs your whole life, anyone can succumb to drug addiction. Knowing the warning signs of being addicted to drugs is important so that you can know when to get the help you need. Addiction can look different on everybody. However, it can produce noticeable symptoms. If you or a loved one is experiencing any of the below symptoms,...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Addiction Stories Addiction to Pharmaceuticals Addiction Treatment and Program Resources Cocaine Drug Rehab Information Drug Treatment Heroin lsd Marijuana MDMA Methamphetamines Painkiller Substance Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Like the Housing First model, Medication First is designed to decrease human suffering and activate the strengths and capacities of people in need. It draws on decades of research and facilitates partnerships between psychosocial and medical treatment providers to offer effective and life-saving care to persons with OUD. PMID: 31084515 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research
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