Mycobacterium smegmatis alters the production of secondary metabolites by marine-derived Aspergillus niger

AbstractIt is generally accepted that fungi have a number of dormant gene clusters for the synthesis of secondary metabolites, and the activation of these gene clusters can expand the diversity of secondary metabolites in culture. Recent studies have revealed that the mycolic acid-containing bacteriumTsukamurella pulmonis activates dormant gene clusters in the bacterial genusStreptomyces. However, it is not clear whether the mycolic acid-containing bacteria activate dormant gene clusters of fungi. We performed co-culture experiments using marine-derivedAspergillus niger withMycobacterium smegmatis, a mycolic acid-containing bacteria. The co-cultivation resulted in the production of a pigment byA. niger and increased cytotoxic activity of the extract against human prostate cancer DU145 cells. An analysis of secondary metabolites in the extract of the co-culture broth revealed that the increase in cytotoxic activity was caused by the production of malformin C (1), and that TMC-256A1 (2), desmethylkotanin (3), and aurasperone C (4) were selectively produced under co-culture conditions. In addition, further study suggested that direct interaction between the two microorganisms was necessary for the production of the pigment and the cytotoxic compound malformin C (1) fromA. niger. Given the biological activities of malformin C, including cytotoxic activity, our approach for increasing the production of bioactive secondary metabolites has important practical applications and may fa...
Source: Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Plenary 3: Oncology (3:05 PM – 4:05 PM) 3:45 PM Source Type: research
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Source: Natural Product Research - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Nat Prod Res Source Type: research
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Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Chem Biol Interact Source Type: research
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Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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