Does third trimester cervical length predict duration of first stage of labor?

CONCLUSION: A long cervix in the third trimester is not associated with a prolonged first stage of labor. Induction of labor and multiparity were associated with a shorter first stage of labor while hypertension was associated with a longer duration of labor. PMID: 31312917 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Wien Klin Wochenschr Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Our results suggest that the IL-6 -174 G > C, -634 G > C and IL-18 -137 G > C polymorphisms may contribute to the susceptibility of RPL. The IL-18 -607 C > A polymorphism does not appear to influence the development of RPL. PMID: 31437073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
Authors: Sert UY, Ozel S, Neselioglu S, Erel O, Engin Ustun Y Abstract Objective: The study aims to investigate maternal serum thiol/disulfide homeostasis and ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels of women who were submerged during labor. Material and methods: Sixty-four pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Thirty-four women were submerged during the first stage of labor and 30 women were not. Native thiol, total thiol, disulfide, albumin, IMA, disulfide/native thiol, disulfide/total thiol and native thiol/total thiol concentrations were measured and demographic data were obtained. Results: Cord blood pH, s...
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
AbstractAfrican Americans and ethnic minorities experience racial discrimination in a variety of settings. Racial discrimination is a potent stressor that has been linked to psychosocial stress and poor physical health. To cope with discriminatory experiences and daily life event stressors, African Americans frequently use the concept of John Henryism (a high effort coping strategy with prolonged exposure to stress). This cross-sectional analysis explored the relationship between racism/discrimination, John Henryism, and health problems in a predominately African American sample. Data were collected through health care scr...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): N. Mottet, C. Cochet, C. Vidal, J.P. Metz, S. Aubry, A. Bourtembourg, A. Eckman-Lacroix, D. Riethmuller, L. Pazart, R. RamanahAbstractPurposeThe first aim was to evaluate feasibility and reproducibility of 2-dimensional ultrasound (2D) shear wave elastography (SWE) of human fetal lungs and liver between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation. The second aim was to model fetal lung-to-liver elastography ratio (LLE ratio) and to assess its variations according to gestational age and maternal administration of corticosteroids.M...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Spinal deformity in asolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can increase right atrial and ventricular pressures secondary to restrictive lung disease. Pulmonary hypertension leading to cor pulmonale is the most feared outcome. However, mild pulmonary hypertension in AIS patients has been reported in the past. No study has examined these changes including the improvement of right heart function following scoliosis surgery.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Approximately 132,000 patients per year undergo anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the United States. Although the utilization of instrumentation and bone graft alternatives has enhanced fusion rates, pseudarthrosis remains a problem, with incidence rates up to 56%. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) modulators are typically used to treat arterial hypertension, which affects 50-80% of spinal fusion patients. Recent evidence suggests an association between RAS blockers and bone metabolism, particularly in the context of bone healing.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: 24–30 August 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10199Author(s): The Lancet
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 24–30 August 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10199Author(s): Rajeev Gupta, David A WoodSummaryIschaemic heart disease has a multifactorial aetiology and can be prevented from developing in populations primordially, and in individuals at high risk by primary prevention. The primordial approach focuses on social determinants of health in populations: political, economic, and social factors, principally unplanned urbanisation, illiteracy, poverty, and working and living conditions. Implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals can lead to major improvements in cardiovascular health, ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the postoperative mortality rate in patients undergoing surgery for perforated diverticulitis. Further, we compared the recovery courses of patients between open and laparoscopic surgeries. Methods: We analyzed the medical records of adult patients with peritonitis caused by perforated diverticulitis from six hospitals of Hallym University Medical Center from January 2006 to December 2016. Results: A total of 166 patients were identified. In the univariate analysis, the statistically significant factors associated with postoperative mortality were age ≥ 60 ye...
Source: JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons - Category: Surgery Tags: JSLS Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that the incidence of ischemic heart disease and death were three times higher among men with low birth weight compared to men with high birth weight (5). Epidemiological investigations of adults born at the time of the Dutch famine between 1944 and 1945 revealed an association between maternal starvation and a low infant birth weight with a high incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in these adults (23). Furthermore, Painter et al. reported the incidence of early onset coronary heart disease among persons conceived during the Dutch famine (24). In that regard, Barker's findin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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