Fluorescent probe brings toxin linked to colon cancer to light

Method rapidly reveals gut bacteria producing high colibactin present in tissue samples
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Hepatobiliary &Pancreatic Diseases InternationalAuthor(s): Yan-Dong Li, Zhen Lv, Hai-Yang Xie, Shu-Sen ZhengAbstractBackgroundRetinoblastoma binding protein 4 (RBBP4) plays an essential role in the development of multiple cancers. However, its relationship with prognosis in colon cancer and colon cancer hepatic metastasis has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between RBBP4 expression and prognosis of colon cancer patients and to evaluate RBBP4 as a new prognostic marker in these patients.MethodsEighty colon cancer patients...
Source: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
This study, for the first time, aims to quantify the impact of modulation restriction on plan quality indices in inverse optimization for cervix high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy using the BEBIG SagiPlan treatment planning system. Material and methods: Ten cervical cancer patient plans were optimized for treatment with a BEBIG SagiNova 60Co HDR afterloader using the min/max inverse planning method, with dwell time homogeneity error weight (DTHEW) parameter values of 0 to 10. Dwell time homogeneity and gradients as well as various plan quality indices were analyzed. Results: For DTHEW = 0, min/max-based optimizatio...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Yang Ge, Bao-lin Liu, Jun-peng Cui, Shu-qiang LiAbstractLivin is an important member of the human inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) family. IAPs are proteins with antiapoptotic abilities, and their functions are different from the Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma-2) family proteins. However, the precise role of Livin in colon cancer progression remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of overexpression Livin in colon cancer cells and to examine its molecular mechanism. We demonstrated that Livin induced a colon cancer phen...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Mutational inactivation of p53 is a key player in the development of human cancer. Thus, retrieving the tumor suppressor activity of p53 gene is considered a novel strategy in cancer therapy. Current study aimed to investigate the anti-cancer potentials of botulinum toxin type-A (BTX-A) and captopril as a trial to shed light on effective anti-cancer therapy with lower side effects. Cytotoxic effect of captopril and BTX-A was determined using MTT assay against colon (HCT116) and prostate cancer (DU145) cells compared to their effect on normal vero cells. Anti-proliferation assay and anti-metastatic effect were carried out u...
Source: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Jaber Beik, Mohamadreza Asadi, Samideh Khoei, Sophie Laurent, Ziaeddin Abed, Mehri Mirrahimi, Ali Farashahi, Reza Hashemian, Habib Ghaznavi, Ali Shakeri-ZadehAbstractDespite the immense benefits of nanoparticle-assisted photothermal therapy (NPTT) in cancer treatment, the limited method and device for detecting temperature during heat operation significantly hinder its overall progress. Development of a pre-treatment planning tool for prediction of temperature distribution would greatly improve the accur...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
In the original publication of this article [1], there is an error in Fig. 4A.
Source: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Correction Source Type: research
ConclusionsTaking into consideration the central role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of CRC and the recognised connection between inflammatory events and cancer, these results enlighten the relevance of the phenolic constituents of pennyroyal as important pharmacological sources in the investigation of new treatment options for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases.Graphical abstract
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Journal of Medicinal Food, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Medicinal Food - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
Even a single course of antibiotics was associated with an increased risk of colon cancer, especially in the proximal colon, in a matched case-control study.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
Source: OncoTargets and Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: OncoTargets and Therapy Source Type: research
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