Are all transit stations equal and equitable? Calculating sustainability, livability, health, & equity performance of smart growth & transit-oriented-development (TOD)

This study provides a unique evaluation of urban quality performance related to Transportation Land-use Coordination (TLC), “Smart Growth” and “New Urbanism. We find stations with higher levels of livability opportunity access to be significantly associated with key quality of life outcomes for individuals and society, such as lower rates of obesity, cardiovascular disease, asthma, driving, carbon emissions, and even lower poverty and unemployment. These higher-performing stations also have higher rates of walking, bicycling, transit use associated with lower household transportation costs which offset higher housing costs. Unfortunately, these stations are not socio-economically inclusive – in sum, all stations are not equal, or equitable.Using livability-opportunity-access-assessments with livability ethics, we recommend transportation and land-use agencies coordinate policies to provide equitable access to opportunities so all people can pursue and realize sustainability, livability, health, and equity outcomes for themselves and society.
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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Abstract Our previous study showed that sulfatide-activated type II natural killer T (NKT) cells can prevent allergic airway inflammation in an OVA-induced murine model of asthma, but the underline mechanism is unclear. Recently, sulfatide-activated type II NKT cells were shown to modulate the function of dendritic cells (DCs) in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and non-obese diabetic (NOD). Thus, it was hypothezied that sulfatide-activated type II NKT cells may modulate the function of lung dendritic cells (LDCs) in asthmatic mice. Our data showed that, in our mouse models, activation of type II NK...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundFunctional limitations may be more common in middle-aged adults than previously recognized. However, there are few published data on the prevalence of activity limitations, and their association with multimorbidity, among adults 50 to 64  years old.ObjectiveTo describe the prevalence of activity limitations and the association with multimorbidity in middle-aged adults.DesignCross-sectional analysis of US population-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011 –2016.ParticipantsThe total number of community-dwelling NHANES participants aged 50 –64 years old is ...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe benefits of FENO-based management are attenuated among obese mothers and those with excess GWG, indicating the importance of weight management in contributing to improved asthma management in pregnancy.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Paulina Kleniewska, Rafal PawliczakAbstractBronchial asthma and obesity are common health problems. Obesity is already responsible for 300,000 deaths per year.AimsThe aim of the present study was to assess whether apocynin, alpha lipoic acid and probiotic administration in combination with low-fat diet supplementation influences the levels of antioxidant enzymes in the pulmonary tissues of obese asthmatic mice.Main methodsThe study was performed on male C57/BL6 mice divided into 10 groups: (I) control; (II) asthma; (III) obesity; (IV) asthma‚Ä...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
DiscussionThe present study will investigate the probable cellular pathways for the anti-obesity effects ofN. sativa in overweight/obese women.Trial registrationIranian Registry of Clinical Trials,IRCT20180528039884N1. Registered on 2nd of July, 2018.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: Ov/Ob children had similar PRD to nOv/nOb children and were prone to repeat magnesium dosing. Previous hospitalization for exacerbation was positively associated with increasing BMI percentile. Additional research should investigate differential magnesium use by weight status, quantifying risks and benefits. PMID: 31411907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
By HILARY HATCH, PhD The growing movement to include the patient voice in medicine through Motivational Interviewing, patient-reported outcomes, social determinants of health and shared decision-making One day in 2011, as a part of my research on ways to improve patient-provider communication about health behaviors, I was shadowing Dr. G., a talented young internist with a cheerleader demeanor. He marched through 12 afternoon patient appointments with confidence and purpose. But when he saw the name of the last patient on her schedule, he turned pale, faced me and said, “I apologize for what you are about to se...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Medical Practice Patients Psychology Hilary Hatch motivational interviewing patient-reported outcomes Phreesia Social Determinants of Health Source Type: blogs
Source: Journal of American College Health - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionObesity treatment and intervention should consider heterogeneity within obese persons and pay greater attention to obesity related co-morbidities and metabolic manifestations.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract The importance of vitamin D and its role in several biological processes has been a topic of interest in recent years. Vitamin D is an essential nutrient that is needed for metabolic bone health and for maintaining bone calcium homeostasis. It is primarily synthesized in the skin on exposure to sunlight. Of late, vitamin D deficiency has been associated with conditions such as obesity, poor control of asthma and other autoimmune diseases, which has led to questions about its potential role in causation and management of these conditions. Given the increase in data about this topic, providers may often hav...
Source: Pediatric Annals - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Ann Source Type: research
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