There may be other explanations for the confusing finding in the divergence in the results between first ‐degree relatives and SLE patients

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Related Links:

M. Yassine For a long time, viruses have been shown to modify the clinical picture of several autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes (T1D), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Sjögren’s syndrome (SS), herpetic stromal keratitis (HSK), celiac disease (CD), and multiple sclerosis (MS). Best examples of viral infections that have been proposed to modulate the induction and development of autoimmune diseases are the infections with enteric viruses such as Coxsackie B virus (CVB) and rotavirus, as well as influenza A viruses (IAV), and herpesviruses. Other viruses that ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Authors: Wang P, Mao YM, Liu LN, Zhao CN, Li XM, Pan HF Abstract A growing body of data suggests that semaphorins are involved in both normal and pathological immune responses, as well as autoimmune pathologies. To investigate the plasma semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) and semaphorin 7A (Sema7A) levels in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and their correlation with clinical manifestations and laboratory indexes, a two-step method was applied. First, 80 SLE patients and 80 healthy controls were recruited for comparing serum Sema3A and Sema7A concentrations. Second, 40 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and 40 sj&ou...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Charalampos Skarlis, Nikolaos Marketos, Clio P. MavraganiAbstractThe use of biologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in systemic autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and at a lesser extent in lupus, has been well established. In Sjögren's syndrome (SS), despite the shared pathogenetic mechanisms with other autoimmune disorders, traditional immunomodulatory drugs have failed to address the main clinical features of the disease and use of biologics has been limited so far. Over the last years, our bett...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract The TGF-β superfamily of cytokines plays pivotal roles in the regulation of immune responses protecting against or contributing to diseases, such as, allergy, autoimmunity and cancer. Activin-A, a member of the TGF-β superfamily, was initially identified as an inducer of follicle-stimulating hormone secretion. Extensive research over the past decades illuminated fundamental roles for activin-A in essential biologic processes, including embryonic development, stem cell maintenance and differentiation, haematopoiesis, cell proliferation and tissue fibrosis. Activin-A signals through two type I and...
Source: Journal of Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: J Autoimmun Source Type: research
ConclusionAnti-DFS70 antibody was more prevalent in the subsets of SARD than BD. This result may be related to the demographic formation of study groups and individual immunological status. More comprehensive studies are needed to investigate the importance of the anti-DFS70 antibody for SARD.Key Points• This study draws attention to the importance of anti-DFS70 antibodies in the diagnostic algorithm in systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases.• This study emphasizes the further investigation of anti-DFS70 antibodies in undifferentiated connective tissue diseases.• This study emphasizes the need to verify the ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Profound and debilitating fatigue is the most common complaint reported among individuals with autoimmune disease, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis. Fatigue is multi-faceted and broadly defined, which makes understanding the cause of its manifestations especially difficult in conditions with diverse pathology including autoimmune diseases. In general, fatigue is defined by debilitating periods of exhaustion that interfere with normal activities. The severity and duration of fatigue episodes vary, but fatigue can cau...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Sarcoidosis is an immune-mediated disease of unknown cause. Immune-mediated diseases appear to cluster in patients and in families. We review what is known on this topic for sarcoidosis, and what factors may underlie disease clustering. Recent findings In populations of patients with sarcoidosis, relative risk estimates of Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune hepatitis, ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis (MS), celiac disease, autoimmune thyroid disease, and ulcerative colitis, varied between 2.1 and 11.6. In relatives of patients with sarcoidosis, relative risk es...
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: SARCOIDOSIS: Edited by Jan C. Grutters and Marc A. Judson Source Type: research
Abstract iRhoms are related to a family of intramembrane serine proteinases called rhomboids but lack proteolytic activity. In mammals, there are two iRhoms, iRhom1 and iRhom2, which have similar domain structures and overlapping specificities as well as distinctive functions. These catalytically inactive rhomboids are essential regulators for the maturation and trafficking of the disintegrin metalloprotease ADAM17 from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface, and are required for the cleavage and release of a variety of membrane-associated proteins, including the IL-6 receptor, l-selectin, TNF, and EGFR lig...
Source: Journal of Leukocyte Biology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: J Leukoc Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Immunoglobulin light chains are called free when they are not linked with heavy chains to form a whole immunoglobulin. Quantification of free light chains is a part of the French national authority for health guidelines for diagnostic and follow-up of light chain, oligo or non-secretory myeloma and AL amyloidosis. Most recently, the World health organisation had included free light chains quantification in prognostic criteria for monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. However the literature bring to light some other potential indications of this analysis in the exploration of monoclonal gammo...
Source: Annales de Biologie Clinique - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Ann Biol Clin (Paris) Source Type: research
Purpose of review The human body is the host of trillions of different prokaryotic microorganisms that colonize the skin and the mucosae. The interaction between human cells and these organisms is mediated by the immune system, sustaining a very complex and fragile balance. The immune cells need to prevent uncontrolled growth of pathogenic microbes and promote tolerance toward the existence of the beneficial ones. Growing evidence associates the disruption of this symbiotic relationship with the development of autoimmune diseases. Recent findings Human studies led to the identification of gut dysbiosis patterns in pat...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: INFECTIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF AUTOIMMUNITY: Edited by Yehuda Shoenfeld Source Type: research
More News: Arthritis | Autoimmune Disease | Environmental Health | Genetics | Lupus | Rheumatology | Study