Pancreas on a Chip to Study Causes and Treatments of Diabetes

Dysfunction of the pancreas is related to a number of diseases, most famously diabetes. Conditions such as cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD), are particularly difficult to study in a laboratory setting, but researchers at Cincinnati Children&rs...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Materials Medicine Source Type: blogs

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CONCLUSIONS: AI technologies are growing their role in health care; but, up to now, their "real-life" implementation remains limited. However, in the near future, the potential of AI-driven era could change the clinical practice in Urology, improving overall patient outcomes. PMID: 31833725 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our data show high adherence and persistence rates in men on ADT. The overall survival in the super-elderly is not influenced by persistence and/or adherence but rather by co-prescriptions. PMID: 31833723 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: ORP, ePLND and seminal vesicle invasion are independent predictors of the risk of hospital readmission over the long term at a large single tertiary referral center. When surgery is chosen as a primary treatment of PCA, patients should be informed of the risk of hospital readmission and related risk factors. Assessing seminal vesicle invasion by preoperative clinical staging identifies locally advanced disease, which is associated with an increased risk of hospital readmission. PMID: 31833722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
Authors: Brassetti A, Anceschi U, Bertolo R, Ferriero M, Tuderti G, Capitanio U, Larcher A, Garisto J, Antonelli A, Mottire A, Minervini A, Dell'oglio P, Veccia A, Amparore D, Flammia RS, Mari A, Porpiglia F, Montorsi F, Kaouk J, Autorino R, Carini M, Gallucci M, Simone G Abstract BACKGROUND: To improve standard reporting of outcomes after partial nephrectomy, different "Trifecta" systems have been conceived. The subjective assessment of the included parameters and the unreliability for off-clamp procedures limited their reproducibility; their role in predicting functional and oncologic outcomes has never...
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term treatment with 5- ARIs might reduce the risk of bladder tumour recurrence, extension of lesions and increase the recurrence-free survival rate. A long-term, randomized prospective study could definitively assess the possible role of these drugs. PMID: 31833718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSĖ Follow-up schedules for stage I seminoma exposes patients to potential risks of radiation- induced tumors, emotional distress and represent a significant burden for the healthcare system. The current series suggests that a better risk adapted patient-tailored follow-up program is needed in order to avoid unnecessary investigations. PMID: 31833335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Three USP steroids resulted significantly altered in our PCa population. These preliminary results, combined with the simplicity and low-cost of the analysis, open to further investigation of the potential role of this restricted USP in PCa diagnosis. PMID: 31833333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
ConclusionsOccult nodal disease was frequently identified in peripheral N1 stations (11-13) in patients with small (≤2 cm) clinical N0 NSCLC. Hilar lymphadenectomy is essential for accurate staging in the management of patients with small clinical N0 NSCLC.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis population-based analysis is the largest dataset of primary thoracic STSs to date and suggests significant survival benefit associated with adjuvant RT. The improvement in OS was more notable in patients with high-grade tumors. Randomized prospective studies are warranted to further understand the benefit of RT in this group.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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