Novel modification of abductor pollicis longus suspension arthroplasty with trapeziectomy for thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis.

CONCLUSIONS: The modified Thompson procedure is a simple and effective technique that can improve the thumb radial abduction angle compared with the original technique in patients with advanced thumb CMC osteoarthritis. Additionally, this new technique is as useful as the original procedure in early restoring thumb function and relieving pain. PMID: 31308312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: J Nippon Med Sch Source Type: research

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ConclusionsJoint arthroplasty is a highly valuable therapeutic strategy for hip or knee OA patients who do not respond to pharmacological management. These results represent a step towards the collection of robust, scientifically sound data that will facilitate the completion of health economic analyses in the field of OA.Key Points:• This study reports the long term outcomes of hip and knee replacement surgery in late-stage OA.• We identified pre-, per-, and post-operative determinants which contribute to a greater improvement in pain and function, hence increasing patients’ satisfaction.• These resul...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results show that psychological factors are more strongly related to pain levels prior to non-invasive treatment in patients with osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint than patient characteristics and X-ray scores, which implies the important role of these factors in the reporting of symptoms. More research is needed to determine whether psychological factors will also affect treatment outcomes for patients treated non-invasively for osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPain is the most important complaint for patients with osteoarthritis of the first...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Osteoarthritis (OA) affects nearly 20% of all dogs greater than one year of age. Clinical signs include pain, discomfort, lameness, and ultimately lead to disability. Although there is currently no known cure,...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
This study seeks to identify the most highly used PROMs in the shoulder literature and analyze their usage trends. METHODS: PubMed was queried for all shoulder-based articles published in eight selected journals from 2007 to 2017. Articles were assessed for PROM usage, surgical approach, surgical procedure, and disease pathology. Frequency analyses identified the most used PROMs overall, and for each approach, procedure, and pathology. Last, usage trends, question number, validation, and clinician dependence of PROMs with ≥20 uses were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 1,740 of 2,462 articles (71%) used 105 unique PR...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionsWithin the context of open ‐label extension studies, opioids maintain reduction of pain and disability and are rather well tolerated and safe. LtOT can be considered in carefully selected and monitored patients with low back, osteoarthritis and neuropathic pain who experience a clinically meaningful pain reduction with at l east tolerable adverse events in short‐term opioid therapy.
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research
This study is primarily aimed at assessing serum changes on a large panel of proteins in patients with chronic back pain following spa therapy, as well as evaluating different spa therapy regimens as a preliminary exploratory clinical study. Sixty-six patients with chronic back pain secondary to osteoarthritis were randomly enrolled and treated with daily mud packs and bicarbonate-alkaline mineral water baths, or a thermal hydrotherapy rehabilitation scheme, the combination of the two regimens or usual medication only (control group), for two weeks. Clinical variables were evaluated at baseline, after 2 and 12 weeks. One t...
Source: Reumatismo - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Reumatismo Source Type: research
SUNDAY, Oct. 20, 2019 -- Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting about 31 million Americans, and is the leading cause of disability among adults. Known as OA, it causes pain and other symptoms in joints, which can affect the...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Authors: Pincus T, Castrejon I, Yazici Y, Gibson KA, Bergman MJ, Block JA Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) may be associated with substantial work disability, morbidity, costs, and increased mortality rates, often similar to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), documented in many published reports over the last 4 decades. However, OA generally has been viewed as less severe than RA. This discrepancy may be explained in part by:a) RA may have been considerably more severe in the past, prior to effective therapies.b) most older individuals have radiographic joint damage, which often is not associated with clinical symptoms.c) RA i...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Cleveland RJ, Nelson AE, Callahan LF Abstract Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) are common, with osteoarthritis (OA) being the most prevalent. RMDs, including OA, are associated with significant pain and functional limitations, as well as mortality rates up to 1.6-fold higher than in the general population. Most studies of OA and mortality have focused on knee and hip OA. Some, but not all, of these studies suggest an increased risk of death, however risks may differ by region. Reasons for discordant findings may be due to methodological considerations including definition of OA, study design, ...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
We examined the preoperative association between pain catastrophizing and physical function and pain, as well as the correlation between radiographic OA and physical symptoms and knee arthroplasty (KA).
Source: The Knee - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
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